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How Has The Rise Of Capitalism Contributed To The Persisten Gender Inequities Prevalent Today?

2268 words - 10 pages

How Has The Rise of Capitalism Contributed to the Persistent Gender Inequities Which Are Prevalent Today?

Gender Inequities have been largely persistent across time and are arguably more prevalent now in our society than ever before. Gender Inequities, which refer to the imbalanced behaviour towards views of persons based on their gender, noticeably towards women, have become an increasingly significant problem as our society has become blinkered toward the issue to such an extent that there is a widely shared view that there is, in fact, no such issue. Gender inequities are caused by many factors which include: Poverty, Stereotypes reinforced through the media, lack of female role models, outdated ideologies of a women’s role in the family, etc. Although, gender inequities are largely a result of Capitalism. The rise of Capitalism, an economic and political system where trade and industry are ruled by private owners for profit, has created a separation between genders by placing a reliance on money and limiting opportunities for women. It is beneficial to capitalists that gender inequity persists as it permits for cheaper employment of women and allows them to exploit the female market by placing an emphasis on social status and creating impossible standards for women to live up to. These persistent gender inequities as a result of capitalist activities are clearly observed within the developed western country of the Unite States of America. Capitalism has caused widespread gender inequities which are more prevalent in our society now than ever before, despite the commonly shared delusion that our society has achieved economic and political equality.

Where do the origins of gender inequity as a direct result of capitalism lie? Did the sexual division of labour exist in pre-capitalist societies? Definitely. Early communist societies were largely dominated by females (Grogan, 2013). Religion was centred on a female deity, therefore valuing the female gender (Chris, 1999). Although, with the emergence of class divided societies, men began to recognize their role in reproduction. Labour began to be divided between the sexes, which resulted in men assuming roles in heavier agricultural jobs. Since men traditionally dealt with agricultural practices, it made sense for them to manage the taming of livestock. Man’s role in reproduction changed significantly as production moved away from the household. There was an increase in demand for men to work on the fields while women were forced to play a more central role in reproduction. The concept of family merely became a reproductive function which confined women. Family served a purpose of attaining, inheriting and passing on private property. Once private property is absent, the family is abolished (Marx, 1964. p40). In pre-capitalist societies, the sexual division of labour did exist, however carried no consequence of gender inequity (Chris, 1999). Although as the class society emerged, the sexual...

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