How Have The Various Generations Of Professional Historians Depicted The Seventeenth And Early Eighteenth Centuries' New England Puritans?

882 words - 4 pages

As far as opinions go, those held by historians about the Puritans are among the most spread apart and controversial that can be found. Three groups of historians have each formed quite different points of view about the way of life of the Puritans. Of these three groups: the Filiopietists, Progressives, and Harvard historians, one was very pro-Puritan, another, very anti-Puritan, and the third falls somewhere in the middle. It is by examining all of these different points of view that we may get the most accurate and least biased account of the way of life of the Colonial Puritan people.[Filiopietists]The Puritan people were a hard working people. They dedicated their lives not only to religion, but also to helping their communities survive and grow. They did everything within their power to ensure that their people not only lived successful lives, but happy ones as well. Among the many accomplishments the Puritans made to the betterment of society was the founding of the first schools and universities in the Americas. Through education, they attempted to establish a positive and morally inseparable way of life.The Filiopietists agreed with and respected the amazing amount of hard work the Puritans displayed each day, and the strict ethical code by which their society chose to live by. They believed very strongly in the idea that many traditions of the new world sprang from the beliefs of the Puritan people. Virtues such as thrift, hard work, and moral honesty were the results of the impact of the Puritans on the people of the new world. The Filiopietists sometimes referred to the Puritans as the torchbearers of religious liberty and political freedom. It would be hard to imagine a more respectable compliment than that. One of the more commonly studied Filiopietists was John Gorham Palfrey. Gorham published a five-volume book entitled History of New England, which was written entirely to praise the many positive qualities of the Puritan society.[Progressive]The Progressives came to a very different view in regards to the Puritans. The Progressives despised the Puritan faith, and believed that the Puritans were purposely trying to develop a democracy. It was their belief that Puritans were overly concerned with economic stability, and that there self proclaimed commitment to a religious way of life took a backseat to those economics.This movement was led primarily by three scholars who believed wholeheartedly thought that the Puritans were hypocritical and very authoritative people. These scholars were none other than James Truslow Adams, Vernon Ferrington, and Thomas Wertenbaker. They viewed history as a good versus bad phenomenon: a continous struggle between the forces of liberalism and conservatism, aristocracy and democracy, and the rich and...

Find Another Essay On How have the various generations of professional historians depicted the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries' New England Puritans?

Evolving as a Society: Why The Puritans Sailed to New England

689 words - 3 pages that which knits these parts together gives the body its perfection, because it makes each part so continuous to others” (96). The Puritans, when arriving upon New England, had no knowledge of how to live on the land. This made them like innocent children. The Puritan faith also continuously emphasized being part of a “whole”, a community, and frowned upon being an individual. However, the desires that arose in the Puritan voyagers proved that

Causes and Explanations of Development Differences in early New England and Chesapeake areas

863 words - 3 pages willingly because no one would be greatly affected should something go wrong. Because of this difference, New England had a lower death rate therefore it’s population grew faster than that of Chesapeake.Faith also was a deciding factor in how each region was developed. Religious freedom was the very reason that the Puritans (who settled in New England) came to the New World. Not only was this a uniting force throughout the region, but it made

How have historians departed from the traditional view of Nero and Trajan?

851 words - 4 pages marvelous characteristics. Claiming, along with Dr. Griffin, that Nero fancied himself as an artist, also as one who understood the Roman techniques and how temples were made. By the way that the Golden House was constructed, she explains that there must have been a statistical operation to organize the process of building, stating that Nero was smart enough to find ways to move those huge columns from one place to another about 6-10 miles apart. By

Does global trade and empire explain British economic development over the course of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries?

1957 words - 8 pages have argued that British development although aided in certain respect in others it became somewhat of a burden. The protection required particularly in the afro Caribbean was certainly costly to Britain. Historians like Kenneth Morgan believe that the data collected which showed this burden were hugely "exaggerated". He believed the empire to have been central to the development of the British economy.Britain has and has always had a complex

The Impact of Increased Literacy on Ballads and Chapbooks in Seventeenth-Century England

1066 words - 4 pages The Impact of Increased Literacy on Ballads and Chapbooks in Seventeenth-Century England In seventeenth-century England, the rise of popular education and literacy coinciding with the mechanical technology of printing, led to the decline in the creation of ballads and in the importance of chapbooks. After England's Restoration period, inexpensive print was available in large quantities due to new technological innovations in the printing

The Value of Currency in Eighteenth Century England

2354 words - 9 pages farmer might make a shilling a day for his labors, William Cobbett relates how the farmer's two young daughters could each earn as much as their father by plaiting straw and finding a market for it in the city (Mays 7-8). During the eighteenth century, the shilling continued to be the "principal medium of exchange" (Mays 85). Earnings usually equated to shillings: "Bricklayers in the North of England earned 22 shillings a week, but

How the New England Colonists Altered the New England Environment

1407 words - 6 pages How the New England Colonists Altered the New England Environment In Changes in the Land, William Cronon points out the European colonists` pursuits of a capitalistic market and the impact it had on the New England ecosystem. Native Americans and colonists had different views on the use of land resources. The Natives viewed the land as something not owned, but as a resource to sustain life. They believe in a hunting-gathering system

How to fix the New England Wire and Cable

659 words - 3 pages The New England Wire and Cable (NEWC) present a situation that was quite possibly very common amongst many towns and smaller cities in the United States during the mid-1980s to the early 1990s. As large corporations with new technology swept across the country, small town American and its legacy manufactures and companies struggled to keep pace. This case study references the New England Wire and Cable Company that in some ways was resistant

"Gulliver's travels" by Jonathan Swift. a critical and insightful work satirizing the political and social systems of eighteenth-century England

767 words - 3 pages Although it appears simple and straightforward on the surface, a mere travelogue intended solely for the amusement of children, Gulliver's Travels, by Jonathan Swift, proves, upon closer examination, to be a critical and insightful work satirizing the political and social systems of eighteenth-century England. Through frequent and successful employment of irony, ambiguity and symbolism, Swift makes comments addressing such specific topics as

How do the the people in the New England area and the area of the Chesapeake Bay differ

830 words - 3 pages The English quickly became the dominant settlers of the East coast in the new world. The first colony, Jamestown, was established in Virginia. This settlement expanded rapidly north and became known as the Chesapeake Bay region. Many Catholics, Quakers, and people of Scotch-Irish decent settled here. A group known as the Puritans came from England in search of somewhere to worship freely. Other groups that split from the Puritans also came and

Punishment of the Puritans

854 words - 3 pages .) For committing adultery, Hester Prynne is assigned a lone standing position on the town scaffold, essentially to be put on display and judged while nervously clutching her new baby. To add ridicule, she is enclosed by guards carrying swords and other various weapons. It makes one wonder just how much destruction a woman and her baby are capable of. The message becomes clear: the Puritans were simply ridiculous in the ways they kept their

Similar Essays

Absolutism. The Seventeenth And Eighteenth Centuries Were An Era In Which Absolutism Dominated The Political Systems Of Europe

761 words - 3 pages The seventeenth and eighteenth centuries were an era in which absolutism dominated the political systems of Europe. I strongly agree to this assessment. The seventeenth and eighteenth centuries were hard times in Europe. The Reformation produced a trail of conflict and difficulty as the implications of Reformation thought began to be imagined in areas outside of religion. In the latter half of the 1600's, monarchial systems of both England and

The Seventeenth And Eighteenth Centuries Were Witness To Several Intellectual Revolutions In Europe

1451 words - 6 pages The seventeenth and eighteenth centuries were witness to several intellectual revolutions in Europe. Thinkers during this time were influenced by the likes of Newton, Bacon and Descartes of the Scientific Revolution. These scientific thinkers had managed to discover several laws of nature that seemed to regulate the way in which the universe functioned. Inspired by these developments, Enlightenment thinkers of the eighteenth century attempted to

The Social Consequences Of The Changes In 18th Century Rural England Have Caused Controversy Amongst Contemporaries And Historians. Why Have The Changes Caused Such Controversy?

1445 words - 6 pages In the following text we are going to review some of the issues which affected an 18th century rural England community, We will draw from evidence the social effects it had on the community from a contemporary's view and also a historians view. We will also consider why these two views might well be the cause of much controversy.In 18th century rural England, agriculture was the mainstay for the countries economy, so improvements in new farming

How Early American Writers Depicted Through Their Writing That Puritans Saw God's Intervention In All Aspects Of Their Lives

697 words - 3 pages whole lives to achieve God's Grace, and that constant effort led them to relate many common occurrences to God's intervention. Anne Bradstreet sees God's intervention in the burning of her house as a reminder to avoid material possessions, while William Bradford accredits a mans death to God smiting one who refused to serve his will. Edward Taylor relates household items to God to illustrate a person's relationship to Him, much like how Jonathan Edwards relates spiders to God's will and our purpose.Hodgins. "Early American Writers." (2004).