How Is Evil Expred In The Play

1217 words - 5 pages

How is evil explored in the Play Macbeth. A dark night and a dark place are both symbolic of diablerie in the play Macbeth. Authors use these symbols to describe an evil character or setting. William Shakespeare employs the imagery of darkness in Act 4 and Act 1 of his play Macbeth to describe the agents of disorder and evil, the witches, Macbeth, and Scotland are all described as dark because they represent the evil.The witches in the first scene of Act 4 and Act 1 are depicted as agents of evil because of the dark domain around them. The witches meet in a dark cave. The cave is an appropriate setting for the witches because caves tend to represent the under-world and hell, creating a feeling of evil. The witches appearance, "secret, black, and midnight hags" also indicate their evil nature. The witch's dark meeting place and dark appearance all emphasize their destructive nature.Macbeth in Act 4 consulted with the witches, murdered Macduff's family, and continued to create evil in Scotland. Macbeth in Act 4 is described as an agent of disorder, "untitled tyrant bloody-sceptered". The language in Act 1 that described Macbeth has changed from "noble" and "kind" to the diction of Act 4 which describes Macbeth as "black Macbeth" and a "tyrant". The Castle that Macbeth lives in, Dunsanine is also indicative of darkness. Dunsanine is similar to the word dungeon a dark and dirty place symbolising hell and the evil that lives in hell.In Act 4 Macbeth is a vision of utter evil, he murders and he consults witches and murders, because of this he is described using dark imagery. Scotland under the rule of Macbeth is described as, "shrouded in darkness", by Malcolm. Scotland in Act 4 has fallen off the "Chain of Being" and is now occupied with the forces of evil and disorder. Scotland in Act 4 is filled with "sighs, and groans, and shrieks that rent the air". Scotland is described by Ross as, "O Nation Miserable". All these descriptions of Scotland portray Scotland as a place where the agents of evil have shrouded the land.The agents of evil and disorder were symbolized by darkness in Act 4. The witches were described as, "dark as midnight"; Macbeth was described as , "devilish and dark"; and Scotland was described as "dying". The imagery of darkness also plays an important role in character development. Macbeth in Act 1 was an agent of order and thus was described with words such as "noble" and "loyal" but when Macbeth became an agent of disorder he was described with words such as "dark" and "devilish". This same character development is true for Scotland, which in Act 1 was described as the land of light; but in Act 4 when it became the land of evil was described with diction such as "dark" and "grave" like.Both Macbeth and Lady Macbeth cross a line in the play, a line that you can never come back from when you have crossed it. Lady Macbeth states " Come you spirits that tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here, and fill...

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