How Is Rural Urban Migration Shaping The Provision Of Care For Older People In Urban China

1386 words - 6 pages

Intrigued by Global Care Chain theory and the shifts of elderly care under the national rural-urban migration trend, this study aims to explore the role of rural migrants in the elderly care labour market in urban China. In the background section, the starting point of Global Care Chain will be followed by the status of elderly care and rural-urban migration contributions in China. Considering methods, this study collects secondary data for quantitative analysis, while conducts interviews for thematic analysis in the case field of Shanghai. The anticipated outcomes section consists of literature implication on positive impact of rural migrants on urban elderly care service and China Care Chain, practice implication for elderly care in urban China, and policy implications.

1. Background

Global Care Chain (GCC) focuses on the mechanism of global reproduction, care services internationalisation, and care labour migration (Yeates, 2009). GCC involves the flow of workers from developing countries to work as paid elder caregivers in developed nations while leaving their own children and parents behind. Global care chain has been found across various regions, including North America, Western Europe, and parts of Asia (Yeats, 2009; Michel and Peng, 2012). There are similarities underlying these care chains, as Yeats (2009) and Bettio et al (2006) illustrated, 1) in input countries: ageing, decreasing birth rates, increasing labour force participation of women, increasing needs of caregivers, unwillingness of national workers to undertake care work; 2) to output migrant workers: attractive payment, better working conditions and career prospects, supportive immigration policies. The trend of migrant care workers also puts forward challenges. To input areas, as Bettio et al (2006) proposed, optimal elderly care provisions need to ensure efficiency, equity, sustainability and balance demand and supply. To output areas, illustrated by Yeats (2009), those at the bottom of the global nursing chain suffered detrimental effects on elderly care due to migration output.

The rapid ageing, boosting care needs, and increasing migrant workers also represent in China. To describe elderly care provision in China, this study would concern about the roles of state, market and family and their relations in the care provision for elderly people. For the financial supports, family support (Du and Tu, 2000) and state pension system (Gold et al., 2009) contribute to the provision of care for older people. The service provision for elderly people in China traces various stages in urban China. Primarily, the extended family shouldered the responsibility of elderly care service (Chen and Yang, 2012). However, due to ‘One Child Policy’ in 1980s, explained by Du and Tu (2000), the size of families is becoming smaller, which leads to the decreasing caregivers. The elderly care service providers in urban areas are changing from family members to hired care workers.

Alongside...

Find Another Essay On How is Rural-Urban Migration Shaping the Provision of Care for Older People in Urban China

Rural Life Vs Urban Life Essay

560 words - 2 pages people, most likely because of less contact with people than crowded urban areas. Openness is another trait shared by rural people probably due to sense of security that low population density and less people means less rumors, less embarrassment, and more trust. Generally people might seem more helpful in emergency situations in the country, probably due to far away hospitals and immediate sense of urgency. In the country you will also tend to find

Rural Life Vs Urban Life Essay

560 words - 2 pages people, most likely because of less contact with people than crowded urban areas. Openness is another trait shared by rural people probably due to sense of security that low population density and less people means less rumors, less embarrassment, and more trust. Generally people might seem more helpful in emergency situations in the country, probably due to far away hospitals and immediate sense of urgency. In the country you will also tend to find

Attitudes and Practices of Rural and Urban Women Towards Breastfeeding

1695 words - 7 pages women were 4.03 and 6.93 for urban women. The breastfeeding scores ranged from 1- 10. Among total study subjects majority (66.5%) 52 rural and 87 urban women were aware that colostrums will be replaced by breast milk after 2-3 days. 40 rural and69 urban women knew that colostrums is special fluid formed before breast milk. (P=0.003) however only 44% of the women ( 41 rural, 47 urban ) were aware that colostrums gives immunity to the child.(p

The Twenties: a decade of friction and conflict between the values of rural and urban America

1711 words - 7 pages the short run for finding Scopes guilty, but failed in the long run as people ridiculed them.Another cause of conflict was the issue of prohibition of alcohol. The rural areas thought that the urban areas were full of drunkards, which was quite true, leading to the proposal of the 18th amendment. It was passed with little opposition because: 1) the dries, prohibitionists, were well-organized dating back to the 1850s. 2) it was just another type of

Demographic Transition From Rural to Urban Areas

2637 words - 11 pages increase of albedo in the Ruhr region – mostly because of its considerable size and its morphology – is one of the most effective among all the scrutinized urbanized areas (see SI Tab. 2). Its effect is similar to Lisbon and Athens. Their relatively large urban areas enable also northern European cities – for instance Helsinki – to exert a positive effect on climate highlighting the importance of local characteristics in determining albedo

"The Twenties was a decade of friction and conflict between the values of rural and urban America."

1710 words - 7 pages the short run for finding Scopes guilty, but failed in the long run as people ridiculed them.Another cause of conflict was the issue of prohibition of alcohol. The rural areas thought that the urban areas were full of drunkards, which was quite true, leading to the proposal of the 18th amendment. It was passed with little opposition because: 1) the dries, prohibitionists, were well-organized dating back to the 1850s. 2) it was just another type of

Mama Might Be Better off Dead: Racial Disparities in Urban America and the Failure of the Health Care System

2719 words - 11 pages Mama Might Be Better off Dead: Racial Disparities in Urban America and the Failure of the Health Care SystemHealth care within the United States is has been changing and evolving ever since there was a strong demand for medical services. However, in the 1960s the federal government unrolled a revolutionary program that intended to provide health insurance to the remainder of the population that was unable to afford it. This program included the

Mama Might Be Better off Dead: Racial Disparities in Urban America and the Failure of the Health Care System

2719 words - 11 pages Mama Might Be Better off Dead: Racial Disparities in Urban America and the Failure of the Health Care SystemHealth care within the United States is has been changing and evolving ever since there was a strong demand for medical services. However, in the 1960s the federal government unrolled a revolutionary program that intended to provide health insurance to the remainder of the population that was unable to afford it. This program included the

Gray Squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) Foraging Response to Predator Scent in Rural versus Urban Settings

563 words - 2 pages A. Significance and importance of projectResearch will be conducted on the foraging behavioral habits of the gray squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) in the presence of predatory scent. The differential influences of urban versus rural settings in their relation to foraging practices will be studied. Predator scent has been shown to influence foraging behavior in the past (Lima and Valone, 1986). Predation risk and foraging efficiency were

"Mama Might Be Better Off Dead": The Failure of Health Care Urban America

1301 words - 5 pages to 39,000 patients. Mount Sinai is one of only six remaining hospitals in Chicago’s trauma network (Abraham 94).The Banes family had a very rough time trying to get adequate health care for all of their disparities. They were employed, of course by those who did not offer any kind of coverage, so is that still their fault that they were denied any preventive care? What about their children? Referring back to my own notes, most people

Urban vs. Suburban After School Care

3360 words - 13 pages important to have a quality program because children are always learning and having a quality program helps them learn after school as well as during school and at home. The people the researcher interviewed from Paterson said that having a quality program is important in their area to keep their children safe. The researcher thought it was interesting how much the suburban and urban answers differed for that question.When asked the questions about

Similar Essays

The Impact Of Rural Urban Migration On The Provision Of Care For Older People In China

2421 words - 10 pages problem as an entire chain, rather than unilaterally study on its negative impact to rural areas like existing researches. Lacking empirical researches in China, those GCC researches exploring the impact of foreign migrant caregivers on care provision in developed countries would throw light on China’s issue. 2. Research Question Research question: How is rural-urban migration shaping the provision of care for older people in China? Hypothesis

Socio Economic Effects Of Rural To Urban Migration

2378 words - 10 pages the rural people. These will improve their production level and it will improve their standard of living. Olayiwola conducted a survey with 90 respondents about the factors perceived to cause rural to urban migration. The result is shown in Figure 1. Figure 1 According to Olayiwola (n.d.) Figure 1 is categories in three factors which are perceived by non-migrants as important reasons for rural to migration. The first factor is education which

Dbq 6: How Did The Fundamental Changes Of The 18th And Early 19th Century European Economy Affect The Standards Of Living For The Urban And Rural Working Classes?

627 words - 3 pages , as pictured in Document 1. This population explosion put not only a strain on food sources, but it gave the industrialists the cheap labor source they needed to operate their factories. On the other hand, as a result of these growing industrialists and the migration of rural people to urban society, the profitability of the cottage industry decreased. This decrease in the cottage industry led to disintegration of the family unit since families

Urban Area And Rural Area Essay

714 words - 3 pages   Nowadays, the two areas of living people choose to live are urban area and rural area. Malaysia has not much differences from others countries because the community in Malaysia also can be characterize between live in urban area or rural area. Live in urban area and rural area necessarily have it own differences and advantages. Because of environment, cultures and facilities, live in the urban area is differ from the rural area