How Medication And Therapy Combats Depression

1692 words - 7 pages

Introduction: Depression is a life changing disorder that affects more than 350 million people worldwide. Depression is not just being sad, and it’s not something you can just ‘snap’ out of. Depression for many people is a perpetual feeling of doom. It causes people to see life as ‘grey’ and meaningless. It’s like being in the depths of despair. However, I am pleased to inform you that depression is a treatable disease. There are two main methods to treating depression, medication and therapy. Medication and therapy both easily rival each other in effectiveness, but I am out to discover which is one more effective.
Depression: Depression is a mood disorder that causes a constant feeling of ...view middle of the document...

The significance of these changes is still uncertain, but may eventually help to pinpoint causes. The next factor is brain chemistry. Neurotransmitters are naturally occurring chemicals in the brain that play a role in depression. When these chemicals get out of balance, depressive symptoms can come into effect. Hormones are another factor, changes in the body’s balance of hormones is involved in causing and triggering depression. Another factor is life events, traumatic events including death and the loss of a loved one, financial problems, high stress, and childhood trauma can trigger depression. Finally, depression is more common in people who have a biological relative with depression. Researchers are studying to find the genes that may be involved in causing depression. Still, depression doesn’t discriminate and every month about twenty percent of Americans have at least one symptom of depression and it happens to anyone, old or young, of any race and ethnicity.
Depression Treatment: When experiencing symptoms of depression the appropriate treatment begins with a physical examination by a physician. Once diagnosed with depression, a person can be treated with a number of methods, but the most common treatments are medication and psychotherapy. Depression is a highly treatable disorder and as with most illnesses, the earlier treatment begins the more effective it is and the greater the likelihood of recurrence can be prevented. The brain of a person who is suffering from depression has been altered and treatment time needs to be long enough for it to effect. Without extended treatment, relapse becomes very likely. In fact, more than fifty percent of people with depression suffer a relapse. How well treatment works depends on the type of depression, its severity, how long it has been going on, and the medical and psychological interventions offered. If depression is left untreated it can become more serious and go on indefinitely. Treatment is vital because it works and can prevent further episodes. More than half of the people who experience a first episode of depression will have at least one other episode in their lives. If depression is not treated a person can end up living in depression for the entirety of their life, or she/he can end up experiencing depressive episodes for the entirety of their life.
Medication: After visiting a physician she/he can prescribe medications to relieve depression symptoms. Medications effectively controls the serious symptoms of depression. However, people with depression must learn to recognize their personal patterns of illness and be able to form their own coping mechanisms. The types of medicine used to treat depression are known as antidepressants. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the most commonly prescribed antidepressants in the world. Types of SSRIs are Prozac, Zoloft, and Paxil. SSRIs work by blocking the reuptake of serotonin from the synapse to the nerve, which increases...

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