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How Much Influence Do International Organizations Have On States?

1302 words - 6 pages

How much influence do international organizations have on states?

Institutions have been around since the end of World war 2, when states wanted to promote peace among the different states. Theses institutions carry a certain amount power in the way they could affect the international level. There are three different theories that look at the role of the institution on an international level and determine how big of role theses institutions play and how much power and influence on the international level. The theories used are realism, institutionalism, and Liberalism. Realism and Institutionalism are on the opposite side of the spectrum when it comes to institutions. Realism sees institutions in international organizations with little to no power in theses organizations. Realism makes the assumption that states are self interested and only will join an international organization if they will benefit the state. Institutionalist see international organizations as the way the shape the way states will behave by giving states an incentive to promote peace. Institutionalism say that theses organizations help avoid war by having organizations promote peace. ( Mearsheimer 82) Liberalism sees theses international organizations a way for states to communicate among the different states. Liberalism says that theses organizations promote communication among states. Theses organizations promote cooperation among states and try to get states to cooperate with one another. Liberalism says that International organizations carry some power, but its eventually the state deciding that it’s better to cooperate.
The theory that seems to be the weakest when it comes to explaining these international organizations is the Institutionalists see international organizations. They look at peace and the inner cooperation among states in an international organization, but unlike the rest the theory does not focus on the individual state level and the way each state decides to make its decision on joining. Institutionalism assumes that everyone will join, because it benefits them. In this theory the one that looks at everything has to be the way liberalism looks at international organization. The way they view states and international organizations looks at everything states usually goes through when deciding to join an international organization.
The first school though that is looked at is realism. Realism say that states are narrowly self interested and would only join international organizations if they were able to receive benefit from the organization, but when the state is not happy with what is going on. The state could easily withdraw from the organization, because realism says that international organizations do not carry any true power in the international sphere. One of the things that realisms looks at that the other theories do not look at how states are only willing to do things that benefit themselves and will not listen to international...

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