Classical civilization and systems borrowed from religious and cultural ideas as a way of legitimating gender and class inequality. During the classical ear of civilization, most of the cultural beliefs were inherent reflections of the religious beliefs enshrined in the doctrines of either Christianity or Islam (Strayer, 2012).
For instance, Christianity formed a basis of developing inherent beliefs during the antiquity, especially the period preceding the collapse of the Roman Empire. Christian beliefs always portrayed women as lesser mortals than men. This followed the infamous belief on mandatory subordination for women, especially after marriage. Christianity demands that women should respect, and remain subordinate to their husbands .
In fact, the Christina doctrine relates to the male as being a representative of God in households. By virtue of leading the family, then men act representatives of God. Therefore, classical civilization systems that borrowed from Christianity would restrict the roles of women. As such, gender inequality became justified through the Christian doctrines.
Similarly, the Islamic religion disempowers women by creating specific roles for them. Islam considers women as mere tools for propagation of life with the ability to bring forth a child being attributed to the man. Women were to swathe their heads as a means of subordination to the males. This brought about inferiority and superiority complex among women and men, with marginalization of women. Islamic regions, especially during the antiquity, restricted the roles of women to cooking and procreation. Men would assume leadership positions. The cultural beliefs became a mirror of the Islamic doctrines. Therefore, any person deviating from the beliefs would receive heavy judgment.
The development of cultural beliefs based on religious practices would demonize the women, thereby, making them inferior. In fact, women could not be promiscuous while men would marry more than one woman. These draconian cultural beliefs borrowed from religious practices served to increase gender inequality. Religious beliefs and ideals justified gender inequality in classical civilization. A vivid example was the Christian belief of stoning women found promiscuous.
Religious and cultural ideals also served to justify class inequality. For instance, the Islamic culture believed in slavery as a way of life. Similarly, the classical Christian civilization also believed in slavery. As such, class stratification with accumulation of wealth would often isolate peasants, slaves and their masters.
The Christian doctrine focuses on the treatment of slaves by their master. In fact, Christianity urged the slaves to remain subordinate to their masters, and act diligently. Similarly, Islamic extremists believe in enslaving any person that does not convert.
In classical civilization, religion played a significant role in influencing the culture of people. If the class inequality and gender...