As president, both Harry S. Truman (Democrat) and Dwight D. Eisenhower (Republican) made it a top priority to contain the spread of communism. Both served for two terms in office. President Truman served as Vice-President for Roosevelt a mere eighty-two days when Roosevelt died making him the 33rd president. Truman demonstrated an aggressive and expensive methodology of dealing with Stalin and the Soviet Union. Eisenhower, conversely, concentrated his foreign policy more on promoting superior United States nuclear weapon technologies to deter Soviet expansion and the spread of communism. While Truman had to rely on appealing to the fear of Americans and Congress to gain approval for his costly policies, Eisenhower’s policies were relatively inexpensive and therefore he had no problems in gaining approval.
Truman, also known as “Give ‘em Hell Harry”, took the oath of office April 12, 1945 at the age of sixty. In the same year, he employed the use of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. This subject continues to be discussed as many disapprove of the president’s decision as it resulted in heavy civilian casualties. Those who approve of the bombings commend the president for his decision and the fact that it brought about the unconditional surrender of Japan and saved countless American lives. Important legislature signed by Truman includes the United Nations Charter in 1945, the “Truman Doctrine “Appropriation in 1947, the North Atlantic Treaty of 1949, and the Mutual Security Act of 1951. Truman also ordered United States ground forces to the aid of South Korea in 1950 when they were invaded by the communist North Korean army. The United States Air Force and Navy were also issued orders of attack. This officially entered the United States into the Korean War
Eisenhower, who was also referred to as “The Kansas Cyclone” and “Ike”, took his oath of office on the 20th of January in 1953. He was sixty-two years old at the time. He believed that the fight against communism was “a war of light against darkness, freedom against slavery, Godliness against atheism.” He implemented the threat of nuclear weapons to resolve the war between Korea and China. Additionally, he signed the Formosa Resolution of 1955 to defend Taiwan from communist China. In further efforts against the spread of communism, Eisenhower ordered United States troops to prevent the government of Lebanon, which was pro-western, from being taken over by a revolution.
On the home front, Truman encountered many difficulties in domestic affairs. Following World War II, the country faced economic recession. In 1946, Truman signed the Employment Act to resolve the issue of unemployment. It established that the government was responsible for assuring that...