This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

How Sustainable Is The London Olympic Stadium

1697 words - 7 pages

Built for the London 2012 Olympic Games, hailed as one of the most sustainable Olympic Games ever, the Olympic Stadium is the pinnacle of sustainable construction. The construction process utilised many new construction techniques and procurement strategies, allowing the designers and contractors to use less construction material and save money. In order to measure the sustainability of the stadium the Olympic delivery authority (ODA) created a tailored version of BREEAM(Olympic Delivery Authority 2011). But how much more sustainable is the Olympic Stadium than other recently built stadiums?
The Olympic stadium was designed by Buro Happold and constructed by Sir Robert McAlpine (Mark Hansford 2011). Construction began in May 2008 and was completed just under 3 years later in April 2011. The Olympic Stadium lies to the south of Olympic park, the massive regenerated area upon which most 2012 Olympic venues have been built. During the Olympic Games the stadium will have a capacity of 80,000, but in post-games life this will be reduced to 25,000 with the removal of the temporary upper tier (Olympic Delivery Authority n.d.).
Before construction of the stadium began the ODA were already actively encouraging the project to be as sustainable as possible. This began with a new version of BREEAM being established, and “was the first time assessments were created for major sports stadia”(Olympic Delivery Authority 2011). The BREEAM of assessing environmental impact was chosen primarily as it is independently managed, and can therefore be externally audited, giving the final rating greater weight. The BREAAM is also a “tried and tested” approach, it is in use across the world with over 200,000 buildings certified and over 1 million registered(Olympic Delivery Authority 2011). The ODA was required to use “reasonable endeavours” in order to achieve a rating of ‘Excellent’, which at the time the tailored version of BREEAM was developed was the highest rating attainable, now however an ‘outstanding’ rating can be attained. This ‘excellent’ rating only has to be attained for the permanent structures in their legacy state.
Another pre-build sustainable approach taken by the ODA was with the enabling works, which were delivered by Atkins. The Olympic park is built upon 246 hectares of brownfield site, upon which 200 years of industrial activity has taken place (Mark Hansford 2010). In order to fulfil the sustainability requirements strict targets where set for remediation, which Atkins had to meet. These targets included reclaiming at least 90% of demolished materials, and the more challenging goal of remediating at least 80% of the soil on site(Mark Hansford 2010). To meet these targets Atkins made 3,000 on-site borehole investigations, and upon completion of the enabling works a massive 98% of demolished materials had been reclaimed and over 80% of soil had been remediated(Atkins 2011).
During construction many initiatives were implemented to ensure that the...

Find Another Essay On How Sustainable Is the London Olympic Stadium

This essay is about tourism in cape verde and how the country is developing in this industry and about its sustainable tourism strategy

2912 words - 12 pages challenges in Cape Verde 4.3. Solutions for the sustainable development challenges in Cape Verde 5. Conclusion 3 1. Introduction: Many destinations have beautiful surroundings but rarely are they untouched and diverse as the islands of Cape Verde, Cape Verde is a volcanic archipelago made up of 15 islands, which are situated in the Atlantic ocean 450kilometers west of Senegal. The uninhabited islands were discovered by the Portuguese in the mid

How the 1996 Atlanta Olympic Games Made Its Mark on the Memoirs of the Olympics

1721 words - 7 pages Did you know that during the 1996 Atlanta Olympics, all of the Olympic committees were present for the first time ever? It is surprising when things happen in one’s own backyard which have influenced and shaped history. There were many elements that made these Olympics so memorable. They were the world’s participation in the events, the outstanding sponsorship of the community and businesses, and the platform for women's rights beginning a

Is the future of the Irish Rural Pub Sustainable

6781 words - 27 pages (Supervisor of studies) The School of Culinary Arts & Food Technology, Dublin Institute of Technology Cathal Brugha Street Dublin 1. April 2014 DT417/4 BCS BAR STUDIES (MANAGEMENT AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP) Is the future of the rural pub sustainable? An exploration of factors which shape rural pubs in County Monaghan Submitted by: Martin Smyth A dissertation presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the bachelor of Science in Bar

Is hosting the Olympic Games bring any benefit to the host countries?

1650 words - 7 pages success. The 2012 London Olympics’ consequences continue to be analyzed; U.K. government estimates suggest there was significant benefit, though independent analyses urge caution, as conclusions are likely premature. In addition to that, hosting the Olympic Games would help boost the tourism business of the city, before, during and after the event occurs. This is because, with the number of tourists coming to the country hosting the games, the

To what extent is hosting the XXXI Olympic Games in 2016 affects positively for civilians of the host city?

1304 words - 6 pages stadiums , which were built for a huge amount of money, keep the demand among tourists, folks. The main stadium that hosted the 29th Summer Olympic Games, known as Bird's Nest had been opened as a tourist attraction after the Olympics ended in 2008. Currently, it is the main stadium of international and domestic sport competitions.( The Olympic Games is one of the essential tournaments for the country.People from whole over

To what extent is hosting the XXXI Olympic Games in 2016 affects positively for civilians of the host city?

802 words - 4 pages More recently passed the closing of the Olympic Games in Sochi, and now the whole world is looking forward to the upcoming Summer Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro, known as marvelous city, whose government allocate huge amount of money for this event. The marvelous city has been elected in October of 2009, after the election of the hosting city among Madrid (Spain), Chicago (U.S.A), Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) and Tokyo (Japan), becoming the first

The Olympic Games, its origins, sources and images in the art of ancient Greece This is a wonderful essay on the history of art from the ancient greek olympic times

1645 words - 7 pages to pay, and therefore he and his family were punished. Heracles, otherwise known as Hercules then celebrated upon the receiving of one tenth the kings herd by creating the first ever Olympic games.The second version of how the Olympics were originally started as a means to alleviate the possibility of civil war in Greece. It is said that Iphitos, the king of Elis went to an oracle who explained that the only way to avoid a civil war in Greece was

How The Effects of Media on Antisocial Behaviour Contributed To The London Riots

821 words - 3 pages Aggression can be defined as ‘behaviour performed with intent to harm another’, whilst Violence can be defined as ‘behaviour designed to cause physical injury or damage’. It would be safe to say that both of these actions took place during the London riots. Bandura and Walters (1963) believed aggression could not necessarily be explained using the traditional learning theory; where direct experience was seen as responsible for the acquisition of

How Does William Blake convey his anger in the poem London ?

1370 words - 5 pages How Does William Blake convey his anger in the poem London ? The poem 'London' by William Blake, relfects his feelings upon the society that he was living in , and how despreratly it needed help. Blake thought that all of the poverty and misfortune that was happening on the streets were caused by the political opression in London. Blake was angered by what he saw in his homeland as other countries started fighting for their

How Representative Are Social Media Datasets of the True Population: A Case for London

1491 words - 6 pages means to reconstruct national population registers. Figure 2, the map of location quotient illustrates where Twitter under and over represents the true population. Particularly evident is the City of London, which has a Twitter population four times greater than expected. Further, the Outer East and North East areas of London appear to perform most poorly. Figure 3 shows a moderate positive relationship of r=0.50 between Twitter and EER

How the Australian Great Barrier Reef Succeeds at Preservation and Sustainable Use and How it Applies to a Worldwide Problem

3377 words - 14 pages How the Australian Great Barrier Reef Succeeds at Preservation and Sustainable Use and How it Applies to a Worldwide Problem Coral bleaching is a somewhat recent phenomenon that has prompted many communities and countries around the world to enact policies and legislation that deal with their dying coral reefs. In early 1998, a mass coral bleaching event took place on the Australian Great Barrier Reef, and broad scale aerial surveys

Similar Essays

How Sustainable Is King Islands Industries?

3302 words - 13 pages IntroductionKing Island is a small island with a big industry, its products known worldwide. But, exactly how sustainable are the industries that exist on this distinctive island? This research piece will explore the sustainability of King Islands industries, in particular the kelp industry. The Kelp Industry is a highly sustainable industry in the three areas of sustainability, however there is concerns over issues beyond our control, climate

How London Is Portrayed In Composed Upon Westminster Bridge And London

478 words - 2 pages How London is Portrayed in Composed upon Westminster Bridge and London William Wordsworth's poem, "Composed upon Westminster Bridge" written in 1904 looks at the positive side of London city and it natural Beauty. Whereas William Blake wrote the poem, "London" in 1794, the poem is negative towards authority and politics. The theme of the two poems is the city of London and how different people preserve it. "All bright and glittering

Is The Japanese Gion Festival Sustainable?

1533 words - 7 pages Introduction Festivals are held in many areas in Japan. There are various kinds of them, small ones to big ones, or finish in one day to last several days. Usually Japanese festivals symbolize the cities or areas that the festivals are held or tell the traditions to the future generations. In this paper, what is sustainability and what is sustainable events will be revealed first. And then the Gion festival (祇園祭), one of the biggest

Building Alliances For A Sustainable Water Future. How The Nile Region Is Coping? An Autoethnographical Approach To Student Learning

576 words - 3 pages An Essential Question for our students: What are my basic needs? What information is out there that can improve the quality life for myself and my community? Collections of ethnographs from the Nile region will help us understand obstacles that impede the stimulation of water shared initiatives and innovations. To obtain ideas about innovations, we will collect ethonographs from citizens, examine privatization and regulation practices