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How Technology Changed Warfare In The 20th Century

1313 words - 5 pages

During the First World War there was a group of physical chemists that worked on making weapons out of poisonous gasses. This was used in World War One and other modern time conflicts and changes how warfare is fought today. Nuclear and chemical weapons completely altered 20th century warfare. World War Two started in September 1939 when Nazi Germany attacked Poland. The United States enter the war because the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7,1941. As a result the allied and axis powers fought against each other till the USA dropped the two nuclear bombs on Japanese. This started a new type of weapon that would forever put fear in times of war.

The way World War One was fought has changed the way people look at warfare today. A scientist named Robert S. Mulliken started the start of research on pounises gas and how they affect the human body. He won the Nobel Prize in 1966 for his discovery about molecular orbital theory. “This explains how atoms stick together to make molecules of particular substances. The theory caused huge advances in the field of applied chemistry and led to such developments as the creation of polymers, witch comprise vinyl, synthetic rubbers, and other industrial materials.(Robert S. Mulliken)” Robert S. Mulliken was born on June 7, 1896 in Massachusetts, he would later on choose to go to college at MIT and graduated in 1971. Shortly after he graduated he got a job with the U.S. Department of the Interior’s Bureau of Mines, Robert was a junior chemical engineer (Robert S. Mulliken). His main goal there was to research and study dangerous gases at American University in the capital (Robert S. Mulliken). In World War One Robert help in the Chemical Warfare division of the United State Army. Later in his life he would go on to work on nuclear bombs. There was another physical chemistries Fritz Haber. He also won a noble prize in chemistry; he developed an economical procedure for nitrogen fixation, the assimilation of ammonia from atmospheric nitrogen and hydrogen. His success made feasible the commercial manufacture of fertilizers and other nitrogen- based products (Fritz Haber ABC-CLIO). Fritz Haber was born and raised in a Jewish family in modern day Wroclaw, Poland on December 9,1868. His mother Died during his birth. Siegfried, his father, was a well know merchant for Germany’s largest importers of natural indigo. He later in his life went to the Universities of Berlin and Heidelberg and studied Chemistry. After years of military service for the German army he enrolled in the largest engineering college, the Charlottenburg Technishe Hochschule in Berlin (Fritz Haber ABC-CLIO). When he was there he studied with professor Car Liebermann and earned a doctorate degree in chemistry in 1891. After Haber got his degree he went off and worked in factories and then his father’s chemical business for about three year period in Germany. After that he went back to the Institute of Technology at Zurich to study chemical...

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