How The Arab Spring Changed The World World History Research Paper

2585 words - 11 pages

Despite the Arab Spring advancing the development and ending some problems in Arab Countries while nurturing their relationship with the west, there are still many problems in these parts before they can move forward and further develop, which need to be tended to. The Arab Spring is a term used to describe a wave of popular uprisings that began in Tunisia and swept across the Middle East and North Africa. It began on the 18th of December of 2010 and faded by mid 2012. It has been described as the biggest geopolitical event since the end of the Cold War. Social media had been widely recognized as an important platform during the uprising for the expression of dissent and to organize and to connect protest movements. The wave of social protest that swept through the Arab world during 2011, toppling some long standing governments and seriously destabilizing others, was the consequence of decades of oppressive and authoritarian political systems, failed economic policies, and socially disaffected populations, mainly the youth. The figures that united the protestors were not political leaders but ordinary people who supported a cause.
Though most of the Arab States gained independence in the 1950s and 1960s, dictators, hereditary monarchies, long serving military regimes and autocrats, have traditionally characterized the region. The Arab countries are mostly deprived of Human Rights, lack of freedom, lack of public opinion and expression, fear of regimes, corruption, 13 favoritism and nepotism. The social and political causes of the Arab spring included resentment of authoritarian rulers that had denied freedom of expression and limited opportunities for participation in civil and political life. Some other causes such as a malfunctioning or absent justice system, and a repressive security state that was responsible for myriad human right abuses, including torture and killings. There was also chronic economic underperformance across the region, drawing particular attention to unemployment, mainly youth unemployment. Some other causes include poverty, widening inequality, rising food prices, and increasingly visible evidence of corruption and the enrichment of elites. They united discontented citizens from across political, economic, class and religious divides in opposition to their autocratic governments. A number of demographic structural factors, such as a large percentage of educated but dissatisfied youth within the entire population. The increased population exacerbated the existing problems produced by economic mismanagement. The main driving factor behind the outbreak of the revolutions.
The main goals of the Arab Spring were mainly democracy, free lections, economic freedom, human rights, employment and regime change. There are also some other numerous factors that led to the protests, including issues such as dictatorship or absolute monarchy, human rights violations, political corruption, economic decline, unemployment,...

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