How The Aspects Of Commercial Air Travel Have Changed Over The Last Fifty Years

2110 words - 9 pages

From the congested seats of the economy cabin, where the constant crinkling of peanut wrappers, snores of sleepy sightseers, and tears of testy toddlers are all to be heard, to the leisurely lounge chairs of first class, air travel has changed in more ways than one since the first passenger bearing flight in 1919 (Grant 132). The air travel industry has experienced considerable changes; the majority of which occurred between the mid-1950s and today. Every aspect of commercial aviation has been changing over the last fifty years. The largest transformations can be seen in a few areas: the price of flying, the security and safety of flying, and the quality of the flight experience for passengers.
Up until 1978 air fares were regulated by the government. This means that the cost of flying was determined by the federal government and kept the same for all airlines; if a trip from Los Angeles, California to Seattle, Washington was one hundred dollars for one airline it was one hundred dollars for every other airline as well (“The Jet Age:1958-Today”). Because regulation restricted airlines from competing by offering lower fares, many airlines focused on drawing in customers with exceptional service and hiring attractive young women as stewardesses to please businessmen (Hickel). In 1978, The Airline Deregulation Act was passed, lifting any restrictions on routes and pricing for airlines across America (“The Jet Age:1958-Today”). The passage of this act greatly changed the airline industry. Had these changes not been created, travelers today would not enjoy the relatively low fares and extensive travel routes that are offered to them. Deregulation had another significant benefit, it triggered a boost in the popularity of air travel. During and before the 1970s, the time of airfare regulation, the average passenger-load factor (PLF) was a mere fifty percent (Perry). Because of high fares and minimal routes, air travel was not a popular form of transportation and planes were only half-full. Since that time PLF has steadily risen. By 1991 the average PLF had risen to 62.6 percent. According to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics the average PLF for 2014 is 81.33 percent (Perry). Commercial airlines are carrying more passengers today than in the earlier days of air travel. Air travel has become a preferred mode of transportation among Americans largely as a result of increased convenience and lower costs.
A round trip between Cleveland, Ohio and Washington D.C was seventy-five
dollars in the 1960s (Hickel). Although this may not seem like much compared to the two hungered and forty dollars you would pay for that same flight today, when adjusted for inflation it equates to roughly four hundred dollars (“Low Fares to Washington D.C.”; Hickel). The price of air travel today when compared to those in the 1980s or 1960s has changed drastically. The price per mile of air travel has decreased by more than fifty percent since 1980...

Find Another Essay On How the Aspects of Commercial AirTravel Have Changed Over the Last Fifty Years

The Invention of the Telephone and How It Has Changed Over the Years

1523 words - 6 pages The Invention of the Telephone and How It Has Changed Over the Years About 100 years ago, Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone by accident with his assistant Mr. Watson. Over many years, the modern version of the telephone makes the one that Bell invented look like a piece of junk. Developments in tone dialing, call tracing, music on hold, and electronic ringers have greatly changed the telephone. This marvelous

What the Australian Government has done to improve the lives of Aborigines over the last 30 years, and how succesful have they been.

2119 words - 8 pages by their white Australian community. However, much progress has beenThe aboriginals of Australia have long being ignored and disadvantaged made since the 18th and 19th century, where the indigenous people of Australia were completely silenced and taken for granted. During the last 35 to 40 years, the Australian government have acted on the poor quality of aboriginal life by improving their rights and equality as Australians. Despite the enormous

How has the company GUESS? established itself in the business environment over the last five years?

6674 words - 27 pages ://yahoo.marketguide.com/MGI/Section 10.6 - Group MembersOur group is made up of seven, we have all had past experience of working together before so this should help., We have discussed between us that we each should be in charge of individual jobs.®Mark Brennon - Research Man One - Looks at the companies performance over the last few years and how the staff have been effected®Gurdeep Chana - Chairperson - Looks at the company over the

How have sitcoms changed over time?

591 words - 2 pages shot is usually a medium long shot or two shot because there are rarely more than 2 characters in the scene at one time.      The level of complexity of the script is also quite different. M.B.B. is targeted at a slightly older audience and although young people do watch it as well some of the humour in it is quite complex. The characters usually have a lot more to say and humour comes just from the dialogue instead of

Influences on Irish Industrial Relations Over the Last 30 Years

2643 words - 11 pages two parties to agree on a mutually acceptable settlement. 6.0 Conclusion In this essay, the changes that have come about in the last 30 years in industrial relations law, collective bargaining, trade unions and the labour courts have been looked at. It is quite evident from this essay, that Ireland has been introduced to many changes, most of which have been beneficial to both employers and employee. Due to the recent passing of the

Great American cars have changed the major aspects of our lives, and rapidly developing world.

2135 words - 9 pages Great American CarsGreat American cars have changed the major aspects of our lives, and rapidly developing world. As one of man's most coveted objects and most powerful fantasy symbols, the car has always been much more than a machine, a mere means of transport and there is no part of our lives--social, economic, political, cultural, and indeed, sexual--that has not been touched and deeply influenced by the automobile (Pettifer and Turner 12

Describe the geological & morphological development of the Malham area. How has this affected human utilisation of this landscape over the last 10,000 years?

3888 words - 16 pages ''Describe the geological & morphological development of the Malham area. How has this affected human utilisation of this landscape over the last 10,000 years?''Malham is a small village at the southern base of the Yorkshire Dales. The area around Malhamhas many examples of limestone landforms and the cliffs of Malham are made of strong, white, carboniferous limestone (Waltham 2007).It is also shaped by glacial erosion which dates to 10,000

Examination of Apple Inc.'s Financial Performance over the Last Three Years

2469 words - 10 pages the amount of $300,000,000 and has not issued any new debt since over the last four years. With no outstanding debt there is no information to analyze in the form of leverage ratios (Yahoo Finance, 2012). Activity Ratios Looking at a firm’s activity ratio provides an illustration of how well a company and its management use the company’s assets to generate sales and profits. The table below takes a close look at Apple’s ability to turnover

Images of nursing- how the images of nursing have changed over time. How these images impact on the position of nurses within society. Includes interviews with 5 participants.

1418 words - 6 pages readings on the subject, seem to indicate that gender norms; particularly in relation to the nurse as a female entity, have had a significant impact on common images. Perpetuated by the media, these images both reflect and reinforce the social status of nursing through out history.I interviewed two female and three male students, all of whom were nineteen years of age. To maintain the private identity of the respondents the interviews were conducted

Employee Relations - Discuss the political, economic, social and technological factors that have had the most significant influence on employee relations over the last 25-30 years.

3005 words - 12 pages The last 25-30 years has seen major changes in the context of employee relations within UK organisations. The factors that have had the most significant influence on these changes are political, economic, social and technological of which I will be discussing to identify what particular influences these factors have had on employee relations over the last 25-30 years. To do this I first need to define the meaning of employee relations, which can

With reference to a country you have studied, describe and suggest reasons for the main changes in population density and distribution over the last 30 years.

672 words - 3 pages immgrants from other regions of China. Beijing has the administrative and historical function as it has been the capital of China from ancient times and all the political figures still settle in this city now. Shanghai is more commercial and towards entertainment due to its large proportion of foreign companies and business in the market. Both cities have high job demands since Beijing has won the bid for the 2008 Olympic Games, many stadiums are under

Similar Essays

Critically Evaluate How Companies Have Responded To Environmental Issues Over He Last 10 Years In At Least Two Of The Following / Areas Of Commercial Activity:

2072 words - 8 pages industry great improvements in efficiency have been made. Exxon for example have improved energy efficiency by 37% between 1973 and 1998, and working towards increasing this by another 15% over the next few years. This may seem a lot but is nothing too impressive, with the UK's industry as a whole improving by 62% from 1970 to 1998 (ENDS report, July 2002)However, Instead of trying to combat the problem themselves, Exxon believed it would be

"Feminism" How The Role Of Women Has Changed Over The Last 100 Years. (Includes Works Cited)

1333 words - 5 pages 1900's from what it is now. And it's not that women were not given any attention at all; but all their real attention was directed at there cooking, how clean they kept their houses, who was married to who, and taking care of their children. In this period of time, since women did not have paying jobs, no recognition could be given to them for doing anything big for their society; especially for doing the sheriffs job, like solving a murder

How And Why Has The Relationship Within The Uk Between Politicians And Judges Changed Over The Last 30 Years?

2070 words - 8 pages such as those of France and the USA where there are an intricate set of 'checks and balances' between the three main branches of government. The UK's constitution can be traced back to medieval times when all three powers mingled and therefore now, we have markedly different constitutional arrangements to our counterparts. Over the last 30 years we have seen more sharing of powers between the judiciary and Parliament than a separation.The Lords

How Communication Has Changed In The Last Twenty Years

1050 words - 4 pages Phones have changed over the past twenty years and have had a positive and negative effect on people. Man kind as find many ways to communicate and stay connected with each other and the most common way is by a cellphone. Phones Cellphones have become one apart of our daily lives and some people just cannot live without them. In fact people use them more like computes than an actual phone itself. Most people let their phones control their lives