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How The Coming And Going Of Fascism Affected The Tourism Industry In Italy

1707 words - 7 pages

The Italian tourism business in the modern times is appealing to those internationally and nationally within the country. Before, during, and after the Fascism reign was when the policies that organizations of today were being created and trying to be put in use for the betterment of the economy and industry at the times. The nation’s tourist structures functioned better and helped bring the economy out of their hard times caused by the mistakes of Fascism. Italy had remained a poor country during Fascism, destroying the progress after the First World War and eventually coming out of it after Fascism with the knowledge of the need for international currency in the economy. The economy and the people of Italy all were affected by the need and growth of tourism during the rise and fall of the Fascist regime.
The arrival of the First World War had a huge impact on the tourism business of Italy and helped set the precedent for wartime industry policies. The war not only “damaged tourism [but] fostered a re-evaluation and reconstruction of the tourist industry”. It was about territory and alliances, but what would a war that was more localized and based on one nation's policies going to do to their main source of revenue at the moment? The use of propaganda and the need for money for the war increased the tourism in Italy, causing there to be a huge influx of tourists and causing the economists and statesmen and people in charge an increased urgency to create a formal policy for tourism in their country. The ENIT, or Ente nazionale per le industrie turistiche, was created which was the first national tourist board to develop policies on national and even international tourism for Italy. After the war settled, Italy expected huge tourist draws because of the War and everything that came with it. Specific areas that had been taken over by Italy and used by Italy during the war would cause an influx of tourism. What still had to be seen was how the Fascists, who were seen as aggressive and unfriendly people to outsiders. How would they be able to attract the much needed tourism factor for a stable and prosperous economy? It would be the case with Fascism bringing war and the whole cycle starting all over again but the country is trying to move forward not get stuck in an infinite cycle of war and recovery. But the Fascists had the advantage of starting off their reign with a booming tourism industry, regulated by the ENIT and ready for expansion.
After the First World War, the creation of the ENIT and other tourism organizations were valued because there was more of a need for planning for tourism rather than before the war and during when they dealt with tourism more informally. Although war damages the tourism of a country, countries have to have plans for after war and to one-day work together as a continent to all achieve a prosperous economy through tourism. Tourism is always relevant in every culture and must be planned for no matter what...

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