This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

How The Impact On Architecture Modernised Newcastle

1636 words - 7 pages

Introduction
In the 1950s Newcastle was known as a sleep city, Dan described it as “moribund” (1) decades had past and very little economic development had taken place between that time frame and families were left to suffer. In 1959, T. Dan Smith became Leader of Newcastle City Council, he set up his own independent planning department in the council and appointed Wilfred Burns as chief officer in 1960. They both wanted to re-modernise Newcastle for the better by undertaking new road plans to resolve the traffic congestion that plagued the city and breath new life into the city by clearing out the slum areas and rebuilding new homes to help improve peoples living conditions. One way Smith helped promote his grand scheme was through a series of models and held public gatherings to help fuel his passion to help change Newcastle, a method used by Richard Grainger who greatly strengthened Newcastle’s status as a regional capital. In order to achieve Grainger’s equivalent he set out to get renowned architects to develop the city, like Le Corbusier , Basil Spence, Leslie Martin, Robert Matthew and even Picasso to help reinforce his vision for the future “Brasilia of the North” (2). In this essay I will closely examine T. Dan Smith’s proposed plans for the new urban motorway system, that would help solve the traffic problem. Also the redevelopment of Eldon Sqaure that would come under scrutiny, but would later become a commercial success. I will also investigate the new Civic Centre that replaced the Old Town Hall and the intention from the local authorities to demolish the Royal Arcade and replace it with a roundabout.
The idea of increasing newcastle’s regional importance by elevating Newcastle’s status as a commercial retail centre was prohibited by the traffic problem. In order to achieve this a new plan would see the expansion and the redevelopment of Eldon Sqaure’s shopping centre. “As far as pedestrians are concerned, the plan is based on a new circulation pattern which will unify the old and the new parts of the centre. In the shopping centre, the plan proposes to lift the pedestrian on to a deck built over the whole redevelopment part of the shopping area so that it can be free from moving traffic which will be present ground level. Underneath this part of the shopping centre, and in a tunnel, will be part of the urban motorway system” (3) The proposals set out in 1961 and the 1963 plan was received with joys of approval. Professor Napper of architectural at Newcastle University wrote “Dobson and Grainger’s development will be revived because it will no longer be choked with traffic and the intelligent proposals for commerce and trade will promote greater efficiency whilst rescuing an environment fast disappearing under traffic chaos. For the first time in a hundred years the city is positive in it’s attitude to medieval buildings, and novocastrians will be able to enjoy seeing them as part of the continuing living tradition of a vigorous...

Find Another Essay On How the Impact on Architecture Modernised Newcastle

How has the high Australian dollar impact on manufacturing?

831 words - 4 pages Over the last six months Australia has been keeping up with a high level of reaching US dollars. Even though reaching the United Stated dollar a good things for some of business, it seems to have several of impact on manufacturing and truism, which puts a stress on business to decrease manufacturing output and dropping off various of worker, as well as ordering cheaper product from overseas markets online that turned out to change the policy and

How the Various Components of Culture Impact on Consumer Values

1810 words - 7 pages “Culture is that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, custom and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society” (McCort and Malhotra, 1993: 97). As it is seen that for any country and religion culture is the back bone and it really has strong impact on the buying behavior of consumer. Culture can be the cause of success of any product in the market and other hand, it can also destroy any

The Effects of Architecture on Society

2392 words - 10 pages identities and understanding of society, progress and truth all follow a similar evolving path. It is during this dramatic shift in thinking that the role of architecture to society and the idea of progress and truth becomes a more complex relationship. How this relationship works and its implications is based on the theory that there is a direct link between the two. One cannot develop without the other. Who leads whom and to what extent they

The Impact On Ecommerce

872 words - 3 pages Find out what is the impact of E-commerce? Introduction ..The enablement of a business vision supported by advanced information technology to improve efficiency and effectiveness within the trading process.Buying and selling data, usually over the internet.E-commerce has been around since the early mid 1990's but now it is difficult to avoid as it springs up all over the internet, on television and in newspapers.E-commerce is dismissed as buying

A Model-Driven Architecture Approach to the Efficient Identigication of Services on Service-orientated Enterprise Architecture

1288 words - 5 pages Abstract—Service-Oriented Enterprise Architecture requires the efficient development of loosely-coupled and interoperable sets of services. Existing design approaches do not always take full advantage of the value and importance of the engineering invested in existing legacy systems. This paper proposes an approach to define the key services from such legacy systems effectively. The approach focuses on defining these services based on a Model

How Humans Impact the Ecosystem

1216 words - 5 pages Humans play an extensive role when it comes to the sustainability of the environment, our actions now can have repercussions in the future. Learning how humans leave their footprint on the environment will help us to become more conscious of our actions and how they manipulate the world around us. Humans sway the precarious balance of the environment; the ramifications of tipping the scales will be felt by generations to come. Discovering

How do the poets convey their disapproval of the strong impact that modernization has on Singapore?

1091 words - 5 pages How do the poets convey their disapproval of the strong impact that modernization has on Singapore? In this young developing world around us, people everyday become more obsessed with perfecting the appearance and facades around them. Everything seems like they could surely take on a makeover. In the two poems, ‘ The Planners’ and ‘remembering trees’, their respective poems, Boey Kim Cheng and Joshua Yap, have expressed their disappointment

How does culture impact on the planning and carrying out of international strategy and negotiations

1943 words - 8 pages How does culture impact on the planning and carrying out of international strategy and negotiations. The main motive of this essay is to see how culture impact on plan and implementation of international strategy and negotiations in business world. The essay consist of concept of culture in broad sense. Then the paper present a short overview of Hofstede’s culture framework. The type of culture is broadly classified and majorly distributed into

Macro environment how to impact on business operation of the company that you choose

3169 words - 13 pages forces influencing the company's ability to transact business effectively with its target market" (Armstrong and Kotler 2003, p.149). In this report, use PEST to analyze macro-environment forces how to impact on PepsiCo in China. As we know, the PepsiCo was the first U.S. company to distribute its products in China after China implement reform and opening up policy in 1979. Through many years business operation in China, the company fully

Culture: How to impact on business operation of the company that you choose

4180 words - 17 pages different cultural clash in real international business practice. In particular, the scope of this report will be defined to local culture how to impact on foreign company's operation. Therefore, I decided to take the Coca-Cola company as an example. As we all know, the Coca-Cola company was the first U.S. company to distribute its products in China after China implement reform and opening up policy in 1979. Through many years business operation in

How exchange rates are determined and their impact on the Australian economy

1383 words - 6 pages services.Exchange rates play a central role in the relationships between individual economies and the global economy, and due to the increasing impact of globalisation on the Australian economy, and the importance of international trade, exchange rates play a major role in determining aspects of the economy which can affect the business cycle. Bibliography'Australia in the Global Economy' by Tim Dixon & John O'mahonyhttp://www.australia.gov.auhttp://www.rba.gov.auhttp://en.wikipedia.orghttp://thesaurus.reference.com/www.abs.gov.au/www.asx.com.au/

Similar Essays

How Was Ireland Modernised In The Period 1534 1750

2206 words - 9 pages To undertake a full thematic investigation of this period would be very much beyond the scope of this paper. Thus, the essay will embark on a high level chronological interpretation of some of the defining events and protagonists, which influenced the early modernization of Ireland during the period 1534-1750. The main focus of the paper will concentrating on the impact and supervision of the Tudor dynasty. Firstly, the essay will endeavour to

Explain How Russia And The Soviet Union Modernised From The Bolshevik Revolution In 1917 Until 1941

608 words - 2 pages Explain how Russia and the Soviet Union modernised from the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917 until 1941.In 1917, as the political system of Russia was in turmoil, four years of war severely destabilised the Russian economy. Disruptions within the economy occurred due to the men on the battlefield, the loans the Russian government were taking to fund the war and the new policies introduced by the Provisional Government. In 1916 (figures not available

The Industrial Revolution's Impact On Modern Architecture In The Early 1900's

2685 words - 11 pages Industrial Revolution was the International Style. This style uses industrialized materials to create functional and structural resolved buildings. This architectural style was considered to be the ‘Modern Architecture.’ Bibliography The Archi Blog. "Impact of Industrial revolution on architecture." The Archi Blog. Last modified 2011. http://thearchiblog.wordpress.com/2011/06/02/impact-of-industrial-revolution-on-architecture

How Does The Director, Amy Heckerling, Update The Novel Of 'emma' In Her Modernised 1995 Film, 'clueless'?

2788 words - 11 pages IntroductionAn extremely popular film, 'Clueless' was released in 1995. It was an adapted version of a famous novel by Jane Austen, 'Emma'.I will discuss about the film in this essay, on how Amy Heckerling, the director of 'Clueless', has transformed the pre-20th Century, 'almost 'ancient' compared to the style of today' novel of 'Emma', practically revolutionised it in terms of setting, language and style, and made it into a film.If you watch