“What has become clear from the science is that we cannot burn all of the fossil fuels without creating a very different planet.” -James Hansen .
Fuel plays a very significant role in the day to day aspects of life, to an extent where we see it trending as an essential need and a vital source for survival. Defiantly as the quote mentioned previously stands, we cannot consume these limited fuel sources without producing a mutant planet far from what we know of. However, we could rather prevent these outcomes from occurring through the many other alternatives, that is, through green initiatives taken through smaller steps to a better tomorrow.
All countries use a lot of natural resources that potentially can affect the planet and its organisms that prove to be either biologically, mentally or psychologically. The excessive consumption of fossil fuels seizes to be the main cause of this dilemma, yet other causes add on to this, such as population growth.
This research is purely to single out those factors that have caused a dramatic change in our environment and to find out how far does the excessive use of fuel will affect the globe that we are living in. I believe that the usage of transportation is not the only cause of these catastrophes, rather the usage of harmful fuels and the way we use it and the technology that assists in the breaking down of these fuels into energy all matters. This research will explore into how the adverse effects of extensive fuel usage could be reduced while researching into alternative energy resources.
China has the highest population in the world. With its escalating population comes the increase in the number of transport vehicles being used followed by the increase in greenhouse gas emissions. China consumes around 9.4 million barrels of oil per day, becoming the second largest oil consumer in the world below the USA , though coal is their primary source of fuel . China has also taken initiatives to explore different alternatives to the basic coal, petroleum and gas sources. These include hydropower, hydrogen fuel cell technology, solar, nuclear and other variant renewable energy resources. However, these initiatives are still developing and may take time to develop.
On the other hand, Sri Lanka is a small country with a relatively small population. For many years the power generation was primarily through hydropower, a source which does not harm the environment. However, thermal power (sourced from biomass, coal and other fuel) has taken over as the main power generator from the year 2010 . It is important to note that the renewable energy sources such as solar power, wind power and biomass have been used increasingly to produce power in Sri Lanka. Part of the country’s electricity grid, as well as transportation are mainly fuelled with diesel, which is not the most eco-friendly fuel as it has a higher lead content than petrol and most of the other fuel variants, consequently...