How The Schlieffen Plan Was Meant To Work

2844 words - 11 pages

How the Schlieffen Plan was Meant to Work

When war was declared in August 1914, Germany was allied in "The
Triple Alliance" with the Austro - Hungarian Empire and Italy.
Britain, Russia and France were allied as "The Triple Entente."

The alliance between Britain, France and Russia rendered Germany's
geographical position a weakness, with France and Britain on it's
Western Frontier, and Russia in the East. This meant that Germany
would have to split its army into two, in order to fight the war on
both fronts - which was an immense quandary. The Schlieffen plan was
devised by the German Chief of Staff, Count Alfred Von Schlieffen in
1905 as a solution to this dilemma.

Count Von Schlieffen appreciated that due to its vast area, Russia
would take more than six weeks after the declaration of war to
immobilise its troops. On the basis of this, Von Schlieffen deduced
that if the German army defeated France's army within six weeks, they
could move onto the eastern front. The could then defeat the Russian
army, with the entire German army, and prevent splitting the army in
half to deal with a war on both fronts.

To defeat France so quickly, they would need the element of surprise.
Most of the French army was stationed on the border with Germany in
the historically disputed region of Alsace - Lorraine. Von Schlieffen
decided to surprise the enemy by invading France through the newly
formed neutral country of Belgium.

Upon the formation of Belgium, several countries agreed to its
neutrality, meaning that if it were ever invaded, the countries that
backed Belgium would help fight the invaders. However, the Germans did
not believe that Britain would go to war over their 1839 treaty with
Belgium, which was described as a 'scrap of paper'. Even if Britain
did defend Belgium, the Kaiser believed that there was no need to fear
the British Expeditionary Force, which he called a 'contemptible
little army'.

The Schlieffen plan was launched immediately after the German
declaration of war on France. Five German armies invaded Belgium and
northern France. Belgium was expected not to fight as a result of its
neutrality and small size. This gave the impression that the German
army could advance swiftly into France.

Unexpectedly so, the Belgian army fought courageously and the German
army was hindered. Instead of reaching Paris within six weeks as
planned, the German army was still fighting the British Expeditionary
Force and the Belgian army weeks after it invaded.

The French were expected to concentrate their troops on the eastern
frontier along the Alsace-Lorraine border and therefore have
insufficient troops defending Paris. The French responded rapidly to
the German threat.

An additional postulation made in the Schlieffen Plan was that the
Russian army would take a long...

Find Another Essay On How the Schlieffen Plan was Meant to Work

Was the German defeat on the Western Front caused by the failure of the Schlieffen Plan?

2199 words - 9 pages that the British and French had just enough time to mobilize using the new automobile as well as rail transport. And the Russians gallantly but unpreparedly invaded East Prussia only a couple of weeks after the outbreak of war.This briefly explains the immediate position Germany was in; now I shall go on to outline what this meant for Germany's prospects.Firstly, the Schlieffen Plan had failed when the Germans, after the six weeks designated for

Was The German Defeat On The Western Front Caused By the Failure Of The Schlieffen Plan?

1073 words - 4 pages Germany's defeat on the Western Front was not caused by the failure of the Schlieffen Plan, the plan failed on September 11th 1914 and the war dragged on for another four years until Germany was defeated on November 11th 1918. The failure of the plan led to many causes such as a war of movement had become a war of attrition (a stalemate). There were long-term and short-term reasons for Germany's defeat as a consequence of the Schlieffen plans

Schlieffen plan: What it was, what happened and it's consequences

992 words - 4 pages John French remained in charge of the until December 1915, when he was replaced by Sir Douglas Haig.Why did the Schlieffen Plan fail?·The Schlieffen plan relied upon rapid movement. The resilience of the Belgians and the BEF prevented this.·Russia mobilized her troops quicker than Germany anticipated. Within 10 days the Russians had invaded Germany on the Eastern front, which meant that the Germans had to switch troops away from

Failure of the Schlieffen Plan

754 words - 3 pages Failure of the Schlieffen Plan The aim of the plan was to avoid having to fight two was at the same time (France and Russia). The plan was devised by Alfred Von Schlieffen. His plan was to attack France, not on the main border, which was strongly fortified, but to attack through Belgium and circle the Paris by going to the west of it, not east. He predicted this should take 6 weeks leaving enough time to go to the

What is the Schlieffen Plan?

669 words - 3 pages The Schlieffen Plan Use Site 1 to answer the following questions. 1. What was the Entente Cordial and what effect did it have on Germany? The Entente Cordial was a group of agreements signed by France and the United Kingdom which began the alliance against Germany. The signing of the Entente Cordiale turned the economy of Germany into one designed for war. 2. Who was Field Marshal Alfred von Schlieffen? Field Marshal Alfred von Schlieffen

Failure of the Schlieffen Plan

2889 words - 12 pages Failure of the Schlieffen Plan In just over a month of fighting, two deeply disturbing features of the war were evident even to the generals who had unleashed the first campaigns: a quick victory was impossible, and the human and material losses incurred as a result of the industrialization of war preparation were on a scale never before seen. The Schlieffen plan had at first seemed to go according to schedule

The Reasons for the Schlieffen Plan

2545 words - 10 pages hay and with the roads so cramped the horses also fell tired. This meant that Germany were already behind on supplies and soldiers and slightly behind in the Schlieffen Plan. The Germans were in for a big shock as Russia mobilised and armed its troops quicker than expected. Within 10 days the Russians were mobilised and had invaded Germany which was a shock to the Germans, as the time taken in order for the Russians to

What is meant by the terms ‘attachment’ and ‘resilience’ and how are they relevant to social work?

1109 words - 5 pages John Bowlby’s theoretical framework used psychoanalysis, ethology, biology and evolutionary theory it was renowned for being remarkable as a way of theorizing how human beings become social beings through their relationships (Bowlby 1969,1973, 1980) Bowlby’s opinion on attachment theory is that the quality of early years experiences in relationships with caregivers, and the experience of separation and loss of those relationships, shape the

This essay was originally meant to promote the death penalty

989 words - 4 pages "The abolition of the death penalty in Canada in 1976 has not led to increased homicide rates. Statistics Canada reports that the number of homicides in Canada in 2001 (554) was 23% lower than the number of homicides in 1975 (721), the year before the death penalty was abolished. In addition, homicide rates in Canada are generally three times lower than homicide rates in the U.S., which uses the death penalty. For example, according to the U.S

World War I: The Failure of The Schlieffen Plan

2290 words - 9 pages Schlieffen Plan had been created to be used as the perfect tool to winning a war, unfortunately the plan had been born from the arrogance of Alfred von Schlieffen and later altered by Helmuth von Moltke. Due to how the Schlieffen Plan was both created and altered, both von Schlieffen and von Moltke were doomed to bring Germany only failure in a multi-front war. In 1888, Kaiser Wilhelm II ascended to the throne of the German Empire and began a new

Was the Civilizing Mission truly meant to civilize the people of Central Asia?

1789 words - 7 pages It truly was the great game. It was the struggle that took place between the two superpowers - Victorian Britain and Tsarist Russia over the lonely passes and the blazing desert of Central Asia. I would say that the great game was much like an enormous game of chess; with Russia seeking to expand its borders and Great Britain seeking to safeguard its interests in India. While it was never made clear in Hopkirk's book that the true Russian dream

Similar Essays

Explain How The Schlieffen Plan Was Meant To Work

796 words - 3 pages C) Study sources D and E. these two sources are not about Haig and the battle of the Somme. How far do you agree that they have no use for the historian studying Haig and the battle of the Somme?Source D, is a still from the T.V. series black adder goes forth, a comical program, stereotyping characters from history. In this particular scene, two privates are talking about going over the top with one asking if "the moment has finally arrived to

Explain How The Schlieffen Plan Was Meant To Work: Gcse Coursework

2290 words - 9 pages History Coursework - The First World War.Explain how the Schlieffen plan was meant to work.The Schlieffen plan was the strategy Germany planned to adopt in the event of a war in 1914. It was intended to bring a fast, effective victory for Germany, and was devised by Count Alfred von Schlieffen who was the Chief of the General Staff of the German Army.If a war broke out, Germany would be faced with a war in the west against France, and a war on

How The Schleiffen Plan Was Meant To Work

1725 words - 7 pages How the Schleiffen Plan was Meant to Work The Schleiffen Plan was made between 1871 and 1905 by General count von Schleiffen. The main aim of the Schleiffen plan was to avoid a war on two fronts; they decided that they wanted to knock France out of any war with one lightening attack. In the time between the General’s retirement and the actual event, the plan was worked on and amended by many people

Was The Schlieffen Plan A True Failure?

2664 words - 11 pages The Schlieffen Plan was known as a failure in World War 1 history due to its disability of defeating France in six weeks and deadlocks were created afterwards. This plan was named after its creator, Cout Alfred Von Schlieffen (1833-191) who was the former chief of the German general staff. The main aims of this plan were to defeat France in six weeks, in order to avoid fight France and Russia on two fronts. However, after German was defeated in