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How The U.K. Was Formed Essay

1413 words - 6 pages

While many people in England believe that the Scottish are beneficial to their union. The Scottish people believe that their way of life and culture is at risk of becoming an English one, and for the reason, many Scots want independence. This is a good thing because it will be the first time in a very long time that the Scottish people will have a voice of their own, and choose their own fate as a nation.
First off, we will start with how and why Scotland united with English to form the United Kingdom, and the Darien Venture and why it put Scotland in near-collapse and total economic devastation. Second, we will discuss why both sides agreed to the Acts of Union 1706-1707. Third, we will go over the English and Scottish perspectives of this Union, and finally, the modern controversy surrounding a sudden increase in a desire for independence from the English by the Scottish.
A long time ago back in the 1690’s there were but only two kingdoms on the island of Great Britain, the Kingdom of Scotland and the Kingdom of England. England, as well as the other great European nations of time were doing rather well for themselves by rapidly expanding their empires through the use colonialism. Scotland did not have an empire but wanted to join in the franchise and thus needed to establish a colony of their very own, so Scotland decided to place a colony in Panama. They figured that the colony’s strategic location would make trade with the people of the far-east and the rest of the world safer, faster and more efficient by eliminating the very long trip around the incredibly hazardous Cape Horn and Cape of Good Hope, where wind and wave would tragically smash their ships against rock and ice alike. Scotland needed investors to lend some money in order to accomplish this and secure a colony in Panama, but instead of anyone ever helping, they decided instead to start trade wars and embargos with Scotland in order to limit their power as future rivals and enemies. So, Scotland had to fund the project by itself, the Scottish crown accumulated a massive sum of gold, one-fifth of the entire wealth of Scotland, put it all aboard a ship and sent off a troupe of two-thousand and five-hundred Scotsmen who eventually landed on the shores of Panama just over one-hundred days. They then named the new Scottish colony ‘New Caledonia’ and immediately discovered some very large problems with their plan: First off, on the western side of Panama, the mountains were a lot larger than expected, making overland trade completely impossible. Even if they built a canal, the technology to do so was still hundreds of years away. Second, the Scottish goods made of wool brought to trade with the locals was absolutely useless in the perpetual heat and humidity of South America. Third, the Spanish had already planted their flags on the beaches of Panama and many other parts of South America, and they were not that grateful to see the Scots arrive. And finally, without necessary supplies,...

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