How This Diplomaic And Military Crisis Affected The League Of Nations?

885 words - 4 pages


In 1923 the situation in Europe was still unstable from the war. Simple occasions could cause big problems for each nation. On august 27, 1923 Enrico Tellini, Major Luigi Corti, Lieutenant Luigi Bonacini and an Albanian interpreter entered Kakavia which is near the town of Ioannina, within Greek territory. Referring to some Italian and Alabamian sources these 4 men got killed, but they did not get robbed. This action roused the Italians (Michael Brecher & Jonathan Wilkenfeld: A study of crisis).

In Italy Anti-Greek demonstrations broke out. Italians asked for a complete official apology from the Greek government, military honors for the bodies of the victims, full honors by the Greek ...view middle of the document...

Air attack was sided to the infantry. The bombardment lasted 15 to 30 minutes. As a result 16 civilians were killed and 30 wounded. All of them were orphans and refuges. No dead soldiers reported. In which the majority were children. Mussolini was worried that among the victims were British citizens of Corfu. He was afraid that Britain will support Greece against Italy if there were got killed British civilians ("corfu occupied after bombardment; 15 greek civilians killed, many wounded")
The very next day Greece appealed to the League of Nations for help. Antonio Salandra the Italian representative to the League said that he was not allowed to discuss the crisis. Mussolini refused to co-operate in the beginning with the League of Nations. After some days he accepted and he demanded that the crisis should be discussed and solved by the permanent court of international justice. The permanent court of international justice is an administrative part of League of Nations which discusses and takes important decisions between two countries to solve conflicts, peaceful always. Greek government agreed to this decision (GCSE History Notes. p. 19.)

After 7 days on 8th of September in 1923 the permanent court of international justice made its last decision which was fully satisfied by the Italians because they got what they asked for and Greece got the blame for before and after the war.

The decisions were: (1) The Greek Fleet shall give a salute of 21 guns at Piraeus to the Italian Fleet. (2) A funeral service shall be attended by the Greek government. (3) Military honors for the Italians and the Albanian interpreter who died in Kakavia. (4) Greece shall deposit...

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