Conducting a job interview is the most widely used selection tool. It has proved most reliable and the employers rely on it in preference to any other tool. It is a process designed to predict future job performance by candidate's oral responses to oral inquiries. For having a better comprehension of Job interviewing it is proper will to go through the definitions of interview and job interview.
An interview as defined is a conversation between two people (the interviewer and the interviewees) where the interviewer put questions to the interviewees to get information from him. Job Interview on the other hand is generally defined as a conversation between an employer and a job candidate, where the employer evaluates a candidate for prospective employment in the organization. The two definitions show that an interview is a general term used for all kinds of interview, it gives out the broad outlines of the term interview. Job interview on the other hand is specific to a particular area namely employment. But, this is a common misconception that job interview is a unilateral process which, is not the case. The above definition of Job interview is very similar to definition of Job Interviewing, but not that of job interview as it does not give the full picture and is incomplete.
For objectively defining job interview it is important to know about the purpose of a job interview.
Job Interview Purpose
The purpose of job interview is eliciting information. If on the one hand the interviewer wants to know about the candidate in great detail including about the intangibles like his qualities, potential, attitude and teamwork, the candidate wants to know about the financial health, working environment, plans of the employer in addition to what he will be getting in terms of compensation. The employer uses the information elicited to decide whether to offer job to the candidate, while the candidate uses the elicited information to decide whether to accept the offer, if made.
It is obvious as earlier discussed that job interview is not a one way process, but a bilateral one. The fact that even if the employer finds a candidate well suited for the job and wants to hire him, unless the candidate agrees to the offer of employment the employer cannot hire him is the strongest proof of the bilateral nature of job interview.
Job Interview Importance
Although not all employers use tests or even reference checks during the selection process, but they consider job interview as vital for making a correct decision. Job interview helps in soliciting relevant information permissible under the law from candidate by putting questions, and listening to the answers. The interviewer may pursue points of interest as they develop. Irrespective of industry or nature of job the interviewer will always probe the following basic questions.
. Does the candidate have necessary skills, qualification and experience to do the job?...