How To Control Time In The Workplace

1079 words - 5 pages

One of the key challenges Henry Mintzberg presents of traditional management is for managers to be able to control their time. Since managers have numerous roles, they have to be able to manage their time. For example, a manager could free up some time for more important tasks by delegating other tasks to different employees. A manager is also “challenged to gain control of his or her own time by turning obligations into advantages and by turning those things he or she wishes to do into obligations” (Mintzberg 1990). Mintzberg is showing that managers have many obligations, and these obligations can either lead to failure or success. For example, if a manger tries to perform every task ...view middle of the document...

These strict rules helped him control every portion of the assembly line because workers were not allowed any freedom to deviate from their assigned task. He also controlled workers by the speed of the assembly line. For example, if Ford wanted his workers to speed up and increase production, he would increase the speed of the assembly line. If a worker was not able to keep up, he would fire them and replace them with someone else. One consequence was that the work was monotonous and did not allow for any creativity or individualism. The control the assembly line gave Ford is widely used in contemporary companies. For example, McDonalds uses an assembly line for cooking and making the food and regulate how everything is supposed to be made. Another way Ford controlled his employees was by banning unions. This allowed Ford to change working conditions, pay, length of work, and other work related factors without any input from his employees. Ford also used a plant protection service, which was created to watch workers to make sure that they did not try to join a union. When a worker did try to join a union, he would fire them. Another way that he used scientific management principles is by raising the wages of employees to five dollars a day. This represents scientific management because Taylor believed that one goal of management is to raise dividends and have higher wages for employees. This belief is also seen today. For example, Sendik’s is a local grocery store chain in the Milwaukee area, and they pay all of their employees more than minimum wage because the owners believe that their employees will increase productivity, which in turn will increase sales and dividends.
Weber describes bureaucracy as the main form of rationalization, which he describes as “where authority rest on an established belief in the legality of patterns of normative rules and the right of those elevated to authority under such rules to issue commands” (Sheldrake 2003). Bureaucracy was created to help firms attain substantive rationality, which is the desired outcomes and values of a specific organization (Sheldrake 2003). He believed that bureaucracy was created to help rationalize both the workplace and decisions made in an organization. Weber also states that rationality is a judgment that one makes in order to explain a certain action that they take (Sheldrake 2003). For example, if a...

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