“You want to have purpose in every stroke you take during a swim, if you do this you will succeed.” Candace Pearson. This is what my coach said to me before my very last breaststroke race of the season last summer. “What does this mean?” you might ask. That’s exactly what I asked myself before I got into the water. There are many ways to have a perfect breaststroke.
Head position is one of the first things you need to know when talking about breaststroke. To resist the most water around the head area, you should keep your head at an approximate forty-five degree angle. You should also try to keep your chin down. We don’t want the chin up because that would make more skinned area for water to resist against, but we also don’t want your chin to low, so your neck won’t strain. Most of the time, you also want the neck to be long and flat.
Your body position is extremely important in breaststroke. Your body can resist the pull of the water. When your arms and hands are in streamline, instead of squeezing your ears with your arms, you want to put your streamline behind your ears. To keep your arms tighter so you can shoot out into the water farther. You’re going to want to keep your body in a neutral position when swimming breaststroke. This means that you want to be in a relaxed, but aggressive, position.
The pull of any stroke is the motion of the arms. You want to have a good pull in breaststroke because, if you have a good pull then you should be able to shoot out farther and cover more area per stroke. In your pull you want to push your arms outward, come back around, then shoot out, and repeat. You’ll want to keep your hands cupped to catch the water. When you catch more water, you’ll get farther and can shoot forward.
The pullout of breaststroke takes many steps to learn. An underwater pullout is the thing you do right after you dive into the water and after every turn. You keep your head down, butterfly kick, then kick, glide, shoot arms forward, and then start your regular swim. During every pullout you are allowed one butterfly kick. Butterfly kicks in an underwater pull out are VERY important. Most people, while swimming breaststroke, often forget this key step in a pullout. The butterfly kick is important because it gets you a lot further ahead at the beginning. Also, you get a breaststroke kick and pull with every pull out. This is for you to get back up to the surface of the water and begin swimming.
Breaststroke turns are called open turns. To do an open turn there is a silly saying that is used by most people to remember easily, how to execute a breaststroke turn, “Elbow your brother, call your mother.” This is because you push your left elbow back and move your right arm just over your ear, your head bent...