How Torture Crafted The Inquisitions And The Great Terror

1615 words - 6 pages

Intolerance, animosity and suspicion of other groups have always shown up throughout the history of humankind. This behavior has been founded on reasons such as religious, ethnic, and political differences. The comparison between the Great Terror of Stalin’s regime and the persecutions of the religious Inquisitions bring up key similarities in the two events, which are the interrogations and the applied torture, and in both cases, the severity and trepidation of the applied torture led to many false confessions.
Almost everyone has heard about the inquisition, however a few know about the true history of what had really happened. Many lives were disrupted, silenced and some were even ended all for the name of religion. It is important to know the environment and history that led up to the Inquisitions and during it. Even as the Catholic Church was recovering from the Great Schism that had happened a century earlier, the Church was fighting the heresy that would pop up like a whack-a-mole game. The difference between a schism and a heresy is that a heresy does not recognize a teaching of the Church and schism does not recognize the Pope as a leader of the Church. At one point during the Inquisitions, there were three different popes! This caused great confusion (Weidenkoph, S. & Schreck, A, 2009). Heretics threatened the Church and the Church’s teachings, and some of the heresies infiltrated into the clergies’ teachings, corrupting the church community. There was no separation of church and state so that most countries were governed by the rules of the church. The doctrine of the Church sifted in with secular rulings, providing no boundaries between religion and government (Weidenkoph, S. & Schreck, A, 2009).
In his book, The Inquisition, Edward Peters (1988) states that the Inquisition spanned over 700 years, and is separated into three different phases called the Medieval Inquisition, the Spanish Inquisition, and the Roman Inquisition. Each division produced different reasons what purpose that Inquisition was created for, while developing its existence and implements that have been employed throughout history ever since. In all phases, the Church collaborated with the governments, attempting to remove heresy and protect their ideology.
The Medieval Inquisition started because of the Albigensian Crusade (this was also called the Cathar Crusade). The Crusade was launched to fight the heresy of Catharism, which believed in a dual system where two gods created two values. Material things and a person’s physical body was created by a bad god and a good god created the spirit and soul. Because the good soul was imprisoned in a bad physical body, the Catharists saw the Church as corrupt and formed a counter church. Catharists followed teachings of no sexual activity, becoming vegetarians, and denouncing marriage calling themselves perfecti (Murphy, C. 2012).
The beliefs of the Catharists infiltrated the Church and created chaos...

Find Another Essay On How Torture Crafted The Inquisitions and The Great Terror

Why did Stalin launch the Great Terror, 1936-38?

1614 words - 6 pages of collectivisation and industrialisation, and this once again showed how popular Kirov was in the Congress and soon he turned into Stalin's rival, although Kirov did not know this at the time. Then in December of 1934 Kirov was assassinated by a young man called Nikolaev in suspicious circumstances, which suggested that Stalin was behind the murder, and wanted to wipe out any opposition.Two years after this assassination Stalin launched the Great

The Morality of Torture Essay

1710 words - 7 pages argument is that legal torture would somehow possess clarity and accountability. I can infer that Dershowitz is precise with his beliefs on torture. There is a sensible contrast as to how illegal torture falls under the belief of justifiable circumstances, and without issuing a torture warrant is the behavior acceptable from societal perspective. Mentioned in the argument Dershowitz says that society will be "winking an eye" towards the matter

The Ethics of Torture

1439 words - 6 pages during the Spanish Inquisition, this notion of torture evolved to a means to extract withheld information. Today torture is unofficially used to extract information; however, it is officially illegal according to the United Nations and the Geneva Conventions. Nonetheless, the issue of legality and morality are different and separate issues; therefore, is the institution of torture ethical? In short, torture is not ethical in any circumstance

The Art Of Torture

1698 words - 7 pages The Art of Torture Going by the title of this paper you are probably asking yourself “How in God’s name can torture be seen as an art, were these people mentally ill?” well it was, but I talk about that later, let me tell you a little about the history of torture. Torture has been around since the times of Ancient Greece and is still around today, usually in the Mafia. Other than the mob, torture isn’t very common in our society

The Benefits of Torture

2220 words - 9 pages methods in the United States deals with the assumption that terrorists, or any form of enemy combatant that would wield terrorist style attacks, look upon how we as a nation employ torture techniques and attempt to cite it against us while claiming Americans are hypocrites against their own moral standards. They use this technique to then aid and assist them in recruiting newer soldiers or terrorists to their cause against America. This recruitment

The Art Of Torture

1838 words - 7 pages Going by the title of this paper you are probably asking yourself "How in God's name can torture be seen as an art, were these people mentally ill?" well it was, but I talk about that later, let me tell you a little about the history of torture. Torture has been around since the times of Ancient Greece and is still around today, usually in the Mafia. Other than the mob, torture isn't very common in our society. Punishments aren't near as harsh

The Convention Against Torture

1103 words - 4 pages Around the world and around the clock, human rights violations seem to never cease. In particular, torture violations are still rampant all over the world. One regime, the Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, establishes a strong elaboration of norms against torture. Despite its efforts, many countries still outright reject its policies against torture while other countries openly accept

The Ethics of Torture

1607 words - 6 pages have all been inconclusive. With two perspectives left, the case either for or against torture regarding morals and ethics both are looking grim. The theory of Virtue Ethics states that an action is morally right if a completely virtuous person would do said action. (Jason 6.7; 1) Because we do not have a list of all virtues we cannot say specifically how a completely virtuous person would act. Let us therefore assume that said person has all

The French Revolution and the Terror

1783 words - 7 pages laid out in the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen how could it end up killing so many innocent citizens, without due process, for crimes that are essentially not crimes as laid out in the afore mentioned document. There are several different opinions among scholars as to why exactly the French Revolution suddenly became an ideological monstrosity that astounds scholars even today. Some intellectuals believe that the revolution

History of Torture and the Organizations that Attempt to End Torture Practices

663 words - 3 pages the enemy. It is comforting to know that the US army did punish the soldiers in Abu Ghraib who posed with prisoners in pictures, but this leads me to question how many more soldiers are doing that exact same thing and are not being prosecuted for it? It is disturbing that the US government feels it can do as it pleases and commit torture when it is supposed to be a country that other countries follow for guidance. If this is the example they

The Stalinist Terror and "Sofia Petrovna"

756 words - 3 pages written up as being hand in glove with saboteurs"(85) Throughout the novel we see how the terror causes Sofia Petrovna's life to fall apart, and takes everyone important in her life away from her. Her husband had died, her beloved son is accused of sabotaging, Koyla's loyal friend,Alik, has been accused of associating with a saboteur, and Natasha,Sofia's Friend and Koyla's admirer poisons herself because she was of "no need" and couldn't live a

Similar Essays

Terror And The French Revolution Essay

1211 words - 5 pages Essay: Terror and the French Revolution “Liberty, equality, fraternity, or death, - the last, much the easiest to bestow, O Guillotine!” ― Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities On the evening of the 14th of July 1989 1.5 million people from 17 different countries gathered along the Champs-Elysees to celebrate Bastilles Day , the anniversary of the French Revolution which had occurred two hundred years before. But

The Terror. Essay

1270 words - 5 pages translator of Rousseau, an important writer of the enlightenment, taking the philosophers ideas on equality and civil government and making them public policy. Yet Robespierre's political behaviour was far from democratic and was beheaded himself on July 28th 1794, marking the end of the Terror.The Terror as a form of government meant the organized use of state power to ensure compliance with the demands of the government. Those who did not comply faced

The Bybee Torture Memo Essay

3067 words - 12 pages enacted a law contrary to these accepted credos of behavior and these proponents of human dignity. “...what is clearly torture by any moral standard is not torture under American legal standards” (pg. 132). So how is it that one of the world’s largest democracies, can proclaim that “coercive interrogation” is not “torture”? The Bybee Torture Memo was

The Morality Of Torture Essay

1348 words - 5 pages causing severe pain or anguish.” This is just the literal meaning of the word but doesn’t entail the great horror that usually accompanies torture. As stated in the “Ticking Bomb” example given on the instruction sheets, “The interrogation won’t be pretty, and the prisoner may never recover. Shall we do whatever is necessary?” On what moral level is bringing a human being to humiliation, unbearable physical and mental abuse, and most of the time an