How Was Math Used In Building The Great Pyramid

1135 words - 5 pages

AbstractThe Egyptians have had many great wonders. One of these wonders are pyramids. Because this was an ancient wonder, many people believe that the Egyptians didn't use any math but only used logic and reason to build pyramids. If this is true, then how did they build the Great Pyramid? They used simple math to make such a great pyramid. They used the Pythagorean Theorem, trigonometry and simple algebra. They also measured the angle of each direction so that each side of the pyramid was facing exactly north, south, east and west.(the essay)"In ancient Egypt mathematics was used for measuring time, straightlines, the level of the Nile flooding", calculating areas of land, countingmoney, working out taxes and cooking. Math was also used in mythology.The Egyptians had figured out the numbers of days in the year with theircalendar. They were one of the ancient peoples who came close to theactual year, through their mathematical skills. Math was also used forbuilding tombs, pyramids and other architectural marvels. The Egyptianbuilt one of the seven ancient wonders which was the great pyramid. TheGreat Pyramid of Khufu from the Fourth Dynasty was a mathematicalwonder. Not only did it take a long time to build but it involved a lot ofmath. This essay shows how the pyramids were built usingmath.(Seawright)"The ancient Egyptians built pyramids as tombs for the pharaohs andtheir queens. The pharaohs were buried in pyramids of many differentshapes and sizes from before the beginning of the Old Kingdom to the endof the Middle Kingdom. There are about eighty pyramids known today fromancient Egypt. The three largest and best-preserved of these were built atGiza at the beginning of the Old Kingdom. The most well-known of thesepyramids was built for the pharaoh Khufu. It is known as the "GreatPyramid".(Nevin) Khufu the pharaoh began planning his own pyramid assoon as he took the throne. The spot that was chosen for the making of hispyramid was on the west bank of the Nile River.`"Khufu's architects were wise and experienced men. They knew theimportance of building the pharaoh's final resting place so that its sides faceddirectly north, south, east and west. The architects planned the largestpyramid ever built in ancient Egypt. The outlines of the pyramid weremeasured and marked in the desert sand. Then they started to build it. Manylarge blocks of stone were cut from quarries that were nearby. They weredragged by groups of men across the desert to the site of the pyramid and setin place."(Morris) Most of the workers were farmers who worked onbuilding the pyramid during the flood season when their fields were underwater. The flood season was when the Nile River's water began to rise. Thisday was calculated with math and astronomy. The Egyptians looked for astar called Sirius just before the sunrise. They made this the first day of anew year. This meant that it was time to work on the pyramid. Slaves alsoworked on this massive pyramid. There is still...

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