This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

How Was The Threat Of War With France During John Adams’ Presidency Used By The Federalist Party To Attack The Republicans?

1964 words - 8 pages

A. Plan of the Investigation
This study investigates how was the threat of war with France during John Adams’ presidency used by the Federalist party to attack the Republicans? It will look at the “Quasi-War’s” effects on the political attitudes of the time as well as legislation passed by John Adams and Congress. Specifically, the XYZ affair will be discussed as an example of the tense relations between the countries and a catalyst for the Federalist support used to gain an upper hand over the Republicans, and the Alien and Sedition Acts will be examined as an example of Federalist legislation passed against the Republicans. In addition, the reactions to the events of John Adam’s presidency and the Quasi-War will be examined. To do this, excerpts from secondary sources discussing John Adams’ entire life, as well as more focused secondary sources that examine the Alien and Sedition acts or the XYZ affair on their own will be used. Additionally, the viewpoints of Adams will be expressed primary quotes from Adams.
B. Summary of Evidence
In the late 1700s, France’s Alliance with the United States began to deteriorate due to the American passage of Jay’s Treaty with the British. In response to this they withdrew their foreign minister while refusing to accept that of the United States. In addition, they attacked American ships and stole their goods (Miller 4). This was the beginning of a period of tension that became known as the “Franco-American War”. However, war was never formally declared between the two countries (Allen 61). Over the course of this struggle, though, Adams encountered many difficulties, mainly stemming from the politics around him. In the 1790s, the French were well-liked in America, with the memory of their help in the War of Independence fresh in the minds of Americans (Taylor). In the dispute following Jay’s Treaty, which was created in order to keep peace between America and Britain, the Republicans sided with the French, and the Federalists with the British (Combs 187). Shortly afterward, Adams sent three delegates—Charles Pinckney, Elbridge Gerry, and John Marshall—to France to negotiate peace. However, they were instead presented with a proposal for the United States to finance a French loan in Dutch notes, apologize for Adams’ speech regarding the French government, and give a 50,000 pound bribe to Tallyrand. (Stinchcombe 3). Adams’ attempt at peace with France gave him respect from the Republicans, but the corruption present in the XYZ affair spread anti-French feelings throughout the nation (Stinchcombe 126) which would play an important role in the rest of Adams’ presidency.
Much of America wanted war with France, whether for patriotic reasons of the public (Kurtz 300) or for the political reasons of the Federalist party trying to dismantle the Republicans (Kurtz 299). As the Anti-French Federalists gained support over the Pro-French Republicans, they used their public popularity to attempt to gain an upper hand...

Find Another Essay On How Was the Threat of War with France during John Adams’ Presidency Used by the Federalist party to Attack the Republicans?

The Mortar - It's history during WW1. Who first used it in WW1. How the opposite side reacted. How effective was it during WW1

663 words - 3 pages the few years prior to the war and by the time war had hit, they had around 150 mortars available to them. The German's had envisaged how useful mortars would be against the eastern fortresses of France and this was their initial motive for stockpiling them.The French and British were caught completely off guard by the reinvention of the mortar. The French reacted initially by digging up ancient stockpiles of mortars from the Napoleonic times

This essay discusses the impact of technological advances and immigration during the industrial age. This was an exercise used to prepare for the U.S. History A.P. exam

822 words - 3 pages on an equal footing with prospective employers. They discovered that their lot was to become pieces in a huge and ever growing Industrial Machine, and more and more workers came to question just how wise their choice of work had been.Technological advances made production faster and more efficient, and soon took the place of many workers. It's use created high unemployment numbers and made workers' output increase. Soon, artisans and other hand

John Adams' biography-2 pages double spaced on -introduction -early life -before the revolution -during the revolution -after the revolution -later years

1136 words - 5 pages John Adams BiographyJohn Adams (1735-1826), the Second President of the United States, was a prominent individual of the American history. He is still well-known with the patriot cause, being a delegate to the First and Second Continental Congresses. In France and Holland, during the Revolutionary, War he aided the Americans and discussed the treaty of peace. Adding to that he was also a lawyer, minister of a church, the First Vice President of

Comparison of Federalist Party to the Whig Party

1393 words - 6 pages Federalist Party first began to lose dominance when Hamilton broke from Adams in 1799. This break was caused by Adams' agreement to open negotiations with France and the reorganization of his cabinet. The election of 1800 marked the beginning of Democratic-Republican reign and the end of Federalist dominance. The Federalists ran as the main opposition party against the Democratic-Republicans until 1820, at which point they no longer had a national

Assess how propaganda/censorship was used in Britain and Germany during WWI

1199 words - 5 pages that dying on the battlefield would be to suffer a hero's end.Specifically however, propaganda in Germany was much less focused and organised than it was than Britains by the later stages of the war. The Germans spent a considerable amount of money on a USA aimed propaganda campaign, but the results were close to nil, with a lack of trust in the propaganda not only in the United States, but also within Germany.An example of successful German

How the federalist and anti-federalist papers led to the ratification of the articles of confederation

1358 words - 5 pages to John Jay and James Madison. John Jay had a very little contribution because he fell ill and was unable to help with the articles. Gouverneur Morris and William Duer were also candidates to be other authors in the series of Federalist essays. Morris turned down the offer extended to him by Hamilton and Duer sent three Federalist letters to Hamilton but Hamilton rejected all 3.The authors continued to argue through there public articles. They

How Nazi Ideology Was Entrancehd Into German People. Description Of The Methods Used By The Nazi's To Control The People

833 words - 4 pages took the form of propaganda and indoctrination and the other was based on terror. Propaganda was an important tool used by the Nazi's to revolutionise German social and cultural life and was significant in the creation of a society which conformed to and embraced Nazi ideology. The Ministry of Popular Enlightenment and Propaganda set up by the Nazi's and was headed by Goebbels and was responsible for directing "all tasks in the spiritual

Was the success of the Nazi Party more to do with Hitler than any other factor?

579 words - 2 pages the only people that could save Germany from more ruin. The Nazis were also helped to power by the brake–up of Germany’s coalition government parties. Slowly, the Chancellor’s made more and more use of Article 48 – a clause that gave them “emergency powers”. This meant that the country was slowly becoming a dictated state, and the political unrest was used by the Nazis to show themselves off as the moderate party

Presidency and Prime Ministership of Conservative Leaders as the Threat to South Korea-Japan Relations

971 words - 4 pages Presidency and Prime Ministership of Conservative Leaders as the threat to South Korea-Japan Relations By: DUONG Dyraden South Korea and Japan have a long and complex history of cultural exchange, war, and political rivalry; most remarkably, the late 19th century and the early 20th century were considered as an unfortunate period between the two countries. It was until the late 20th century that South Korea’s rapid industrialisation since the

Exploring the Ways Propaganda Was Used to Mobilise the Minds of the Nation Towards War

3559 words - 14 pages government also used it to incite the feelings of neutral countries against the enemy and also to keep them friendly with ourselves. All types as propaganda was used during the war to mobilise the minds of the nation towards war. They can be split into two groups: the state’s propaganda and the private sector’s. Poster campaigns are an example of state propaganda. In the private sector there would be products

The role played by John Pym ensured that Parliament was always likely to win the first Civil War of 1642

896 words - 4 pages 'The role played by John Pym ensured that Parliament was always likely to win the first Civil War of 1642-1646' How far do you agree with this judgement? (30 marks)Although John Pym died in 1643, his actions regarding the Civil War of 1642-1646 helped to ensure Parliament's victory. However it is unfair to say that he is solely to thank for this victory as Parliament's tactical placing meant that they had greater resources etc. This combined

Similar Essays

A Presidential Look: John Adams The Only Federalist President This Is A Paper About The Presidency Of John Adams. It Covers His Economic, Foreign, And Domestic Policies

1225 words - 5 pages Democratic-Republican so high up in the Adams administration made it difficult at times for the president to promote his Federalist agenda and was the beginning of many conflicts.In an era of peace, a president with Adams' view of the office might have enjoyed a tranquil four years. However, from the start, the presidency of John Adams was dominated not by tranquility, but by a single issue that threatened to destroy the Union before the end of its

How Important Was The Bolshevik Threat To Tsardom During The Reign Of Nicholas Ii

1861 words - 7 pages To discover the importance of the Bolshevik threat to Tsardom during the reign of Nicholas II, all other revolutionary oppositions and their activity between 1894 and 1917 need to be identified with use of primary and secondary sources. An introduction to Nicholas II, the oppositions, a brief description of the Bolshevik background and their tactics will be discussed.Nicholas II was the last Russian Tsar, the eldest son of Tsar Alexander III and

This Essay Discusses How The Theme Of Nationalism Was More Prevalant Than Sectionalism During The Presidential Administrations Of Monroe And Adams

1327 words - 5 pages will describe how each of these examples contributed to nationalism during the presidential administrations of Monroe and Adams. The Treaty of Ghent in 1815 and the Rush-Bagot Agreement in 1817 promoted nationalism by keeping America out of war with England. Both the Americans and the British passed the Treaty of Ghent which ended the War of 1812, and also established that any future disputes between them would be resolved by arbitration

John Quincy Adams: Life And Presidency

1346 words - 5 pages . Calhoun had a very difficult four years in the white house ("John Adams the Diplomatic President").During his presidency, John Quincy Adams wanted to improve the conditions of society by sponsoring projects and institutions. He wanted Congress to support a system of internal improvements including roads, canals, harbors, and rivers. He believed that the North could be a factory based economy and could exchange cotton and "western foodstuff" with the