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Hsc Ancient History Assessment Task 1 Greek World 500 400 Bc

1044 words - 4 pages

Evaluate how historians have presented the role, influence, and significance of the individual selected.Mardonius was the respected son - in - law and representative of King Darius the Great. He was the commander of the Persian troops during twp expeditions to Greece in 492 and 480/479 BCE. Modern and Ancient Historians portray Mardonius' role as following the instructions set out to him by Darius, as his successor, and contributing as a commander for a number of Persian expeditions. He also played the role of a strategic thinker and leader and is portrayed as significant for his many efforts at battle and as a Persian Superior. Mardonius was motivated and influenced by his predecessors including Darius, and he himself was considered an advisor and was also influential.As special representative of King Darius the Great, Mardonius was given the role of reorganising the region and was sent to Lydia after the revolt of the Ionian Greeks. As Ancient Historian Herodotus explains, he played his role in a very moderate way."Mardonius sailed along the coast of Asia and came to Ionia. I shall now relate a thing thatwill be a great Marvel to the Greeks: Mardonius deposed all the sole rulers of the Ioniansand established democracies in the cities".This was significant as a matter of politics as it enabled the people of these cities to have a say.Having reorganised Ionia, Mardonius' navy made for the Hellespont, where an army joined it. As Herodotus tells us, "Darius superseded all his other generals and sent Mardonius, the son of Gobryas, to the coast in command of a very large force, both military and naval." His role was to win over the Greek island of Thasos and this was significant, as it became a tributary of the Aehaemenial empires. Bury and Meiggs state"The Kings son - in - law, Mardonius, was sent to reassert Persian supremacy in Thrace andMacedonia...advance into Greece in order to punish the two cities which had helped theIonian rebels."The navy and the army continued to Macedonia, which was added to Darius' kingdom as well, so therefore was also significant in gaining country and land. During this campaign (which Herodotus believes was directed against Eretria and Athens) Mardonius lost man ships, as Sealy describes"In 492 the fleet of Mardonius had suffered heavy losses in the storm off Mt.Athos" and is backed up by Bury and Meiggs "He had lost many ships, but he had fulfilled the more important parts of his task." It is evident that "Mardonius had been successful," as Sealey, states, "Mardonius had fought a good campaign," due to his role as a strategic planner and leader.Mardonius was given the role of being in charge of the Persian army in Greece. His army was comparatively small, probably 150,00 men "Most of the army was put under Mardonius' command and withdrew to Thessaly for winter quarters." Ehrenburg, states in regards to this also "Mardonius army, however, was no longer supported by a fleet and depended for its supplies mainly on...

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