Huckleberry Finn An Anti Slavery Book: The Problem Of Racism In Twain's "Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn"

1963 words - 8 pages

Historical background and period of realismIn American literature the period of realism (1860 - 1890) stretches from the Civil war to the turn of the century. After the Civil war United States changed quickly. The slavery was abolished, democracy increased, towns became industrialized and urbanized, the population expanded because of the immigration, and the middle-class prospered. This provided a good environment for literature and for readers who were interested in understanding all these changes. Mark Twain was (together with William Dean Howells, Rebecca Harding Davis, John W. DeForest and Henry James) a representative of this literary period. Literature during the realism presented reality very closely and was detailed. Character was usually much more important than the plot and action. Moral choices and own experience were often the subject. Characters reflected their real nature and temperament and they had a strong relation to nature, to each other, to their social class, which was important in those times. Americans wanted to know what their country looked like, and how the different races which made up their growing population lived and talked. Emphasis was placed on realization of democracy and morality. Events were usually believable and objectivity was important. Diction was often colloquial, not poetic at all. Tone was usually comic or satiric. Realism was in contrast with previous literary period, romanticism. Realism was a reaction against romanticism. ( The purpose of writing was to entertain. Authors were pragmatic, relativistic, democratic, and experimental. Relations between people and society were explored. Authors were interested in how much society influences people. ( Twain's life and worksMark Twain's real name was Samuel L. Clemens. He lived in the years 1835 - 1910. His first book was The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County, but before its publication, Mark Twain worked as a printer, a steamboat pilot, a gold prospector, a journalist in Nevada and San Francisco during the Gold Rush, and a well-known lecturer. He was married to Olivia Langdon for 34 years and they had three daughters - Susy, Clara, and Jean. Mark Twain published over 30 works of literature - including satire, historical fiction, short stories, and nonfiction. Many of his writings are considered to be the peak of American literature, including the eternal Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, The Prince and the Pauper, and A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court. Besides these well-known classics, Twain wrote five interesting Travelogues that picture his experiences in the western United States, along the Mississippi, in Europe, the Mid East, and Asia. Not so famous Twain's works are a detailed history of Joan of Arc, excerpts from the personal Diaries of Adam and Eve, and Letters from Satan's...

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