Roy Bennett, a respected author and politician, once said, “Do what is right, not what is easy.” Many strong individuals in our country have stood up against popular belief to fight for what they had faith in. Although they faced backlash, they knew in their heart that what they were doing was right. Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Parks, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Ralph Waldo Emerson are just a few who have changed our country’s beliefs with their views. Mark Twain, known author of the 1884, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, found his place on this list with his opinions against some of America’s cherished beliefs. The book follows the escapades of charming Huck Finn, and the many people he meets along the way. Although the book seems like the classic coming-of-age novel, the underlying tones and concepts make the book one to reckon with. Twain uses his satirical writing to exploit the truth of 19th century America, by relying on human gullibility, exposing human cowardice, demonstrating the senselessness of violence, and questioning external appearances in society.
One of the most noteworthy points in Twain’s writing, is his use of human gullibility. Gullibility starts with the belief and trust that is put in someone without any proof. A prominent example of this would be the scene where Huck and Jim are separated on the river. Late at night, a fog comes in and isolates Jim from Huck, which causes him great confusion. Huck, wanting to play a trick on Jim, tells him that they were never separated, and he must have dreamt the whole thing. After pondering over it for a little, Jim says, “Well, den, I reck’n I did dream it, Huck; but dog my cats ef it ain’t de powerfullest dream I ever see. En I hain’t ever had no dream b’fo’ dat’s tired me like dis one” (79). Although, Jim was so sure that he was right, he blindly believes and trusts in what Huck tells him. Twain incorporates this playful prank on Jim to prove his gullibility to the outside world, and showcase how most people can be duped into a false reality by their closest companions. Another major instance of human gullibility, is the stunt the king and duke pull in multiple cities. During Huck and Jim’s journey, they encounter two men who refer to themselves as the Duke and Dauphin. They soon become highly entertained with the pair, and accompany them on shore to various towns. The two men make their living by stealing and cheating people out of their money. In different parts throughout the book, they pull varied scams cheating the towns people into wasting their money. They hype up the town and promise a spectacular show, only to preform something incredibly distasteful. The people of the towns, feeling embarrassed for having been so gullible, encourage others to see the show. They do not want to be the only ones to seem like fools, so they prey on the innocence of others to persuade them into seeing the show. With the help of these different schemes throughout the novel,...