Demographics of Shantytowns in Venezuela
The lifestyle and background of the shantytowns in Venezuela before the beginning of Hugo Chavez was rather depressing and in serious poverty from 1980 onto 1998. Shantytowns are deprived areason the outskirts of an urban area consisting of large numbers of crude dwellings and poor economic structure within the nation. Approximately 65% of Venezuelans live in shantytowns in extreme poverty and do not receive medical care or government aid (Latin American Politics and Society, Vol. 44, No. 1). According to the article composed by Damarys Canache, the article discusses how the economy in Venezuela was rather depressing and not taken care of by the government, low-incomed families and other underprivilaged citizens did not recieve and form of government aid or any form of assistance from the government which were considered to be one of many reasons of riots and incline in the crime rate in the nation (From Bullets to Ballets: The Emergence of Popular Support of Hugo Chavez, Latin American Politics and Society, Vol. 44, No. 1). In addition, the government lacked the financial capability of providing any forms of funds or assistance to their citizens, the government showed plenty of corruption, according to Damarys Canache, the author of one the articles reviewed, states that between 1978 and 2001, Venezuela’s economy was extremeley poor and unactive and this would explain the lack of funds given to the citizens in the country.
Furthermore, the GDP per capita (in U.S dollars) was about only $4,000, the unemployment rate between 1980 to 2001 was about 14.5%, the households within the country lived in extreme poverty, and about 24% of the population lived in extreme poverty. In addition, the inflation rate in between the years 1980 to 2001 was not helping the citizens at all as the inflation rate, average consumer prices were about 24%, consumers were not able to purchase or attempt to obtain any goods due to the prices and the economic lifestyle they had to endure. Not only was the economy in Venezuela was poor but also, the crime rates and other illegal activities occuring within the shantytowns was increasing dramatically since 1971 throughout to Hugo Chavez got into power (The Missionary Politics of Hugo Chavez, José Pedro Zúquete Latin American Politics and Society, Vol. 50, No. 1). Hugo Chavez wanted to change the lifestyle of his country and to enforce a complete economic and political reform when Chavez had got elected to presidency, in addition, Hugo Chavez demanded for equality and new social reforms for his people, that way he would gain more supporters and voters.
Hugo Chavez and the Presidential campaign 1998 and 2006
In 1998 after the coup had failed to overthrow the government, Chavez decided to run for office under the Fifth Republic Movement. Chavez appealed to shantytown voters by promoting peace in the nation, improving economic standards and to promote Venezuelan Soveriegnty [Latin...