Hum 100 Genius Pythagoras

1253 words - 6 pages

Pythagoras was considered to be the world's first pure mathematician. Many European philosophers call him the father of philosophy. Various scientists will call him the father of science. To musicians, nonetheless, Pythagoras is the father of music. Pythagoras was also the founder of the Pythagorean School. According to researchers, very little information is known about him and his life. All that is known of him comes from what was recorded by those he taught.Pythagoras was born between 530-569 B.C., on the island of Samos in Greece. Pythagoras's father was Mnesarchus from Tyre, and his mother was Pythais, a native of Samos. His mother came from the colonial Greeks of Samos. His father was ...view middle of the document...

Pythagoras was a victim of the Babylonian captivity when Babylon invaded Egypt. In Babylon Pythagoras became familiar with the philosophy of Zoroastrianism. Zoroastrianism is considered by most modern religious scholars as being a precursor of Christianity. Later, Pythagoras was allowed to return to Samos, but became he very unhappy. Pythagoras was unhappy because the Samians were unhappy with his teaching and his beliefs. Subsequently, he traveled to Greece and finally made a home on the Italian peninsula. This new home was Kroton, which was located on the "heel" of modern Italy. There he founded a school which was dedicated to the study of mathematics, philosophy and spiritual purification. The ideas he taught in his school demonstrated how he thought math, philosophy, and religion were closely related. Pythagoras was believed to teach and practice his beliefs in strict secrecy. Pythagoras' followers wore long hair and were vegetarians and owned no personal property. This made them remarkably like the Grateful Dead fans of the Twentieth Century. There were mystical aspects to Pythagoreanism. One aspect was that philosophy could purify the soul. The other aspect was that the soul could attain union with the divine. Pythagoras' primary religious influence, as well as his catalyst for intellectual creation, was Zoroastrianism. Zoroastrianism was used by him as a foundation to create his own philosophical system. The mix between the practical and the mystical is apparent in Pythagoras' two greatest discoveries. These were: an important geometric law, and the idea of musical notation. Geometry has many practical uses. Conversely, much about the creation, performance and appeal of music can probably never be explained. Pythagoras was most likely inspired by the beauty of music, the logic of mathematics, and the mystery and exposition of philosophical discourse.Pythagoras had great insight. He believed that the universe is structured in an orderly manner and that it is possible for man to comprehend the nature of things. He believed that there was a kinshipbetween all living things and that it is possible for harmony to prevail. Pythagoras also believed that we live in a rational world. Pythagoras was not fond of irrational ideas. As such, irrational numbers bothered Pythagoras and Pythagoreans so much they wished the subject never come up. Probably the most famous irrational number is π, which represents the ratio between the diameter and the circumference of a circle, and is roughly equal to 3.1415926......... Even though Pythagoras and Pythagoreans tried to wish irrational numbers away, as a mathematical discovery, they rank among the Pythagoreans' more important (Loy).Pythagoras' major accomplishment...

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