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Human Cloning Can Be Beneficial Essay

2475 words - 10 pages

In 1996, Scottish scientist Ian Wilmot and his research team was able to successfully clone a lamb named Dolly from an adult sheep. This invention shocked all of the world at the realization that cloning was no longer a fantasy or an element of a Science Fiction movie. Since then, human cloning has become one of the most debated topics in the world. Everyone started to discuss about its advantages or the ethical issues of human cloning. Most of the people were against it and called it an ‘evil’ experiment. They had objections that this technology could be easily used for bad purposes like a criminal making multiple clones of himself. They also thought that clones would not be fairly treated and the real person would always be given priority. According to a recent poll in America by Cable News Network (CNN) and TIME magazine (Rollin 185-186), it was shown that eighty nine percent of the responding population thought that cloning was not a good thing. Furthermore, three quarters of the respondents believed that cloning was against God’s will, and when they were asked that if they are given the opportunity to clone themselves, only seven percent of the people said that they would allow it. However, when asked to define human cloning, an estimated ninety five percent of them could not describe it correctly. Although many people believe that cloning is against the will of God and it is immoral and unethical to clone human beings for both religious and humanitarian reasons, however, human cloning can have many benefits for the human race in terms of helping infertile couples and people with genetic problems. In addition, it can be really helpful for the people who suffer from diseases such as kidney and liver defects or cancer. It can also be used to develop ‘spare parts’ of the human body to be used for organ transplants.’
Before going into the advantages of human cloning, one should know what the process of cloning involves. Many of the people say that it is the creation of another identical individual, but this definition is not enough. There have been many experiments and proposed methods for cloning but only one of them has been successful so far. This technique is called “Nuclear Transfer” or “Nuclear Substitution.” It is the process in which the DNA of a female egg cell is replaced with a different DNA from another cell. The nucleus of the unfertilized female egg cell containing the DNA is removed and is replaced with the nucleus of another cell. Then the cell is manipulated and genetically engineered to believe that it has been fertilized and is implanted into the womb of the mother. The cell divides and re-divides inside the mother to develop into an embryo, which develops into a fetus and a baby is born in nine months, just like any normal baby. The only difference between the cloned baby and a normal baby is that the cloned one shares the same exact DNA with another person, just like identical twins share the same DNA, only that the clone is...

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