Technological developments assume an integral part of human history. In the recent years, studies indicate that the advances in technology have penetrated into the human way of life thus changing the daily life of people. One area of human life that has been affected by technology is the human consciousness (Halal, 2008). The emergence of new technologies has led to greater impact on the human form of consciousness. It is noted that information, communication and technologies have affected the human consciousness in more profound ways. Studies also indicate that the predominant application and use of technology has led to a change in the human consciousness especially concerning the cognition, sense of self, perception and memory of individuals. This paper seeks to critically analyze the impact of communication, information and technology on these elements of the human consciousness.
Studies indicate that consciousness and the mind have been dominated by the modern technology. However, it appears more problematic to understand consciousness and the outstanding issues that surround the effects of technology on the mind. There are numerous theorist and authors who have tired to define the word consciousness based on their disciplines. This paper adopts ray kurzweil definition of what consciousness means. He defined consciousness as a subjective experience that makes human beings to have a sense of self-perception and self awareness. Based on this definition, consciousness implies that consciousness is what determines human survival. Consequently, it can be argued that with the emergence of new technologies, the human survival has undergone tremendous changes that have changed how people feel, imagine,cuture and beliefs, choice, action, state if mind if individuals. Most notably, information, communication and technology have impacted more on the memory, perception and awareness of individuals on matters of life experience (McKay, 2008).
Secondly, studies indicate that information, communication and technological developments have noticeable changes on the human consciousness. Modern technology includes many aspects such as the media and other forms of communication technologies. In the early days of human civilization people would communicate by use of words or gestures. Nowadays, many forms of communication supported by technologies have been invented. Worthy of being mentioned are the electronic media, pieces of writing, publishing or printing and also computer communication. Mobile communication is also another form of present day civilization which has really improved communication and communal networking. All these have had their effect on structure of consciousness of individuals across all societies (Szewczak & Snodgrass, 2002).
Consequently, information, communication and technology (ICT) has led to powerful changes on the important aspects of human lives including consciousness. McKay (2008) contends that in the modern society human...