Human Genetic Engineering Is A Recipe For Social Discrimination

1600 words - 6 pages

Genetic engineering will lead to an unfair social caste system placed upon the nation. In the long run, there will be more negative effects of genetically modifying humans. The nation will end up dividing or further widening the gap between social classes by distinct groups who are genetically engineered and those who are not. Edwin Etieyibo, a philosophy professor argues that, "[I]t's [genetic enhancement technology] use would lead to unjust outcomes, i.e. create a genetic caste system, and with it the exacerbation ad perpetuation of existing socio-economic inequalities. This is, on the surface, a very serious injustice" (Etieyibo). In Brave New World, society is divided into social castes, Alphas being the best and Epsilons on the polar end. Using the technology for genetically altering humans is extremely unfair and not everyone has the chance to using this technology. Some are "stuck" with breeding kids naturally and hope for the best like in the Savage Reservation (Huxley 32). In other words, instead of helping the human species, there is a substantial amount of harm being done to the human species. People are undermining the quality of life with something that is destroying the society little by little. Russell Powell a professor at Oxford claims that genetic engineering will have no significant impact on diversity however it will solidify the chances to harm the genetic diversity and longevity of the human species. Human genetic engineering does have a big impact on the human species. I highly believe that there is no negligible impact on inherited variety like Powell believes to be because there is in fact decreasing the genetic variety within the population on Earth. In the book, human engineering is clearly obvious from the first page. Humans are created in test tubes and are genetically modified to live longer and healthier lives.
In order to create the “perfect” designer baby, society needs to establish and come to a consensus the best and worst genes to have for a human. People need to classify what is perfect but it is rather impossible to do so. Perfection is considered different in every culture from the next and trying to formulate a universal “perfection” would only shed light on a cultural bias (Baird 15). In the book, intelligence is carefully examined and fixed to comply with the standards of that social caste the human is predestined to be in. In this specific society, intelligence, the ability to take care of oneself and not having a sense of individuality or personality are the standards of perfection which must be met.
Baird argues that using human genetic modification provides many drawbacks. For one, the idea of creating perfection for the child is dangerous in itself. The society could get carried away and creep towards an unnatural path of reproduction. Babies no longer created by sexual reproduction but through asexual. In addition, there is a somewhat blurry line between eugenics and what is happening at this...

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