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Human Genetic Modification Essay

833 words - 3 pages

Human genetic modification is the process through which medical personnel and scientist alter the genetic makeup or the DNA of a person (Clapper 1). This modification is achieved either through the addition of some genes or removal of others. The addition of genes is achieved through a carrier which can be a virus. The addition can either be to the somatic cells or to the germ cells. In somatic cells, added genes alter the genetic makeup of the body while in germ cells, alteration is to the reproductive cells. Genetic modifications have been widely exercised in plants. However, the exercise is limited in humans due to ethical issues. With genetic modification, the evolution of new beings that are stronger and disease-free can be enhanced. However, one concern surrounding the practice is that it would upset the balance of life. Genetic modification should not be carried out, as it violates the ethics of humans.
One of the major reasons why genetic modification should not be accepted is that it is morally wrong. God created all of us, and by modifying someone, we are messing with God’s plan. Another reason is that genetic modification is not safe (Scott). There are no safe parameters that can guarantee the safety of a person if their DNA is interfered with. Alterations of the genes can further trigger harmful physiological reactions that may disrupt the functioning genes. Disruption of the genetic makeup can lead to mutations that can either aggravate the condition that is being rectified or can even be lethal. Another reason is that one cannot say with certainty which genetic traits are beneficial and which ones are harmful. Many genetic conditions are caused by multiple genes which can be defective. In some environments, those genes may either be defective or effective. Also, the gene introduced may be unstable in some conditions leading to unwanted health complications.
Another major factor as to why we should not engage in genetic modification is that the functions of the genes may be changed. Genes usually have more than one function in the body, and they all play different roles to ensure proper coordination. Thus, by targeting a group of genes that are causing a given condition and removing or altering them, the functions of those genes are disrupted. Another reason is that by altering the genetic makeup of a person, one can commercialize their traits. Thus, by legalizing and accepting genetic modification, people will be allowed to make superior humans through germ cell modification....

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