This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Human Genome Project Essay

4821 words - 19 pages

Human Genome Project

Human curiosity is one of the most powerful engines that drive new knowledge, development, advancements and life improvements today. Some 100,000 or 200,000 years ago Homo sapiens emerged, and up to today humans are still searching for answers such as what we are and where we came from.

For all of the diversity of the world's more than five billion people, full of creativity and contradictions, every human mind and body is built and runs with fewer than 100,000 kinds of protein molecules. And for each of the proteins, a single corresponding gene is responsible to ensure an adequate and timely supply. Genes are often described as the biological blueprints or recipes for life and are found in the DNA, carrying the genetic information from one generation to the next. Many people are convinced that genes are special, that they contain a person's essence, which has enormous spiritual and commercial value. In the deepest sense, we are who we are because of our genes, and therefore it is essential to gain knowledge about the manifold mysteries of life, our genes, and our biological inheritance in full ultimate molecular detail. With advances in molecular genetics, it became possible to launch the Human Genome Project (HGP) - a sequencing project that determines the genetic makeup of an organism by reading off the sequence of the three billion DNA bases, which encode all of the information necessary for the life of the organism. Profits, curiosity and dreams of better methods to prevent and treat diseases are driving efforts to find and decode human genes. The sequence of our genome will ultimately allow us to discover the secrets of life's processes, the biochemical basis of our senses and our memory, our development and our aging, our similarities and individual differences. The genome project itself offers no promises of cancer cures or quick fixes for Alzheimer's disease, and no detailed understanding of genius or schizophrenia. But if we are ever to uncover the mysteries of carcinogenesis, if we are ever to know how biochemistry contributes to mental illness, if we ever hope to really understand the processes of growth and development, we must first have a detailed map of the genetic landscape. That's what the HGP promises and what makes this international effort so breathtaking.

Human Genome Background and History

The idea of the HGP was initiated in 1977, when simple and efficient methods for sequencing DNA were described. Before that time the possibility of sequencing the entire human genome was no more than extreme wishful thinking. In the 1980's it was becoming increasingly apparent to many scientists that an understanding of basic biology would be greatly enhanced if the detailed structure of DNA was understood. Over the last two decades, automated DNA sequencers have made the process of obtaining the base-by-base sequence of DNA easier. In 1984, for the first time a meeting was sponsored by the Department...

Find Another Essay On Human Genome Project

The Human Genome Project Essay

478 words - 2 pages The Human Genome ProjectThe Human Genome Project is a 13-year project started in 1990 and coordinated by the U.S. Department of Energy and the National Institutes of Health. The project originally was planned to last 15 years, but rapid technological advances have accelerated the expected completion date to 2003. Project goals are to·identify all the approximate 30,000 genes in human DNA,·determine the sequences of the 3 billion

The Human Genome Project Essay

2753 words - 11 pages The Human Genome Project Introduction The Human Genome Project (HGP) is a plan to develop a detailed genetic and physical map of the human genome. As a result of this project, it is predicted that vast increases in technology and biological approaches to the molecular world will occur. It was speculated that this project would take two decades. Some scientist did not even think it could be done because the technology was not ready for

The Human Genome Project

962 words - 4 pages The Human genome project :In 1990, the project initially headed by James Watson began at the U.S National Institutes of health.A genome is the entire DNA in a living animal such as cats, human and ants… including its genes.DNA is the long thread of a molecule that carries genes. Each strand of DNA, packaged as a chromosome, bears thousands of genes. Each gene contains the instructions for making a single component of the body, usually a

The Human Genome Project

813 words - 3 pages The Human Genome Project The complete human genome sequence was announced in April 2003, two years ahead of schedule and almost three years after the first working draft was achieved. The sequencing information from the project was made fully and freely available at every stage, but much further work remains to be done to identify the thousands of genes and their functions. The Human Genome

The Human Genome Project

699 words - 3 pages base pairs. The order of these base pairs are extremely important and determine everything in an organism. The Human Genome Project started in the mid-1980’s and was discussed widely throughout the scientific community and public press in the last years of the decade. In the United States, DOE first and soon afterward NIH were the main research agencies within the US government responsible for developing and planning the project. By 1988, the

The Human Genome Project - 1046 words

1046 words - 4 pages The Human Genome Project The Human Genome Project began in the mid - 1980s as an international scientific mission to map all the genetic material (i.e. genes) in human chromosomes and ultimately build the complete set of genetic information contained within molecules of deoxyribosenucleic acid (DNA) known as the genome. The project aims to improve the methods used to prevent and cure diseases because the keys to many of

Human Genome Project

620 words - 2 pages The goal of the Human Genome Project (HGP) was to map out and understand all the genes contained within the human DNA. All our genes together is called our "genome". The HGP was an international effort. It is a culmination of information obtained through the history of genetics research. The HGP revealed that there is something like 30,000- 40,000 human genes. The complicated map can now identify their locations. The first draft of the human

Human Genome Project

1031 words - 5 pages When it comes to scientific research and findings, many schools of thought and critique do exist, some based merely on the methodology used while others for the very reason of carrying out the research. One such highly debated project is the Human Genome Project, a scientific research geared towards understanding the complex nature of human genes. This paper aims at finding out the benefit of this project and ascertaining whether the scientific

The Human Genome Project

2593 words - 10 pages The Human Genome Project The Human Genome Project (HGP) is a project coordinated by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Institute of Health (NIH). The HGP began in 1990 and was scheduled to be completed in 2005. The goals of the project are to identify all the genes in the human genome (estimated to be 80,000 - 100,000 total) and develop the complete human DNA sequence. After the sequencing is done, a database with all the

Human Genome Project

2369 words - 9 pages Outline Thesis: Large corporations, such as insurance companies, and governments are looking to save money on future policyholders through the use of genetic testing. General information on the Human Genome Project Time of discussion leading up to implementation Who was involved Where does the funding come from Insurance Companies and discrimination Discrimination against unborn children Genetic testing for “bad'; or unwanted

The Human Genome Project - 1153 words

1153 words - 5 pages The Human Genome Project (HGP), an international scientific research project, has educated the public tremendously on various topics concerning DNA and genetics. This study has been beneficial to communities alike. As stated, the HGP sought to identify all the genes in human DNA, determine the sequences of the three billion chemical base pairs that make up human DNA, store this information in databases, improve tools for data analysis, transfer

Similar Essays

Human Genome Project Essay

726 words - 3 pages Human Genome Project The Human Genome Project is an international project basically sponsored by the U.S Government. It started in October 1990 with an aim to sequence the entire human genome. The complete set of information present in the form of the genes in an organism forms its genome. Each human being has 23 pairs of chromosomes having DNA double helix in each. The Human Genome Project is a worldwide research

Human Genome Project Essay 1809 Words

1809 words - 7 pages The Human Genome Project- Miriam Bartlett Word count- 1853 .The Human Genome Project began in October, 1990 and was a long-term multi-billion dollar project which helped international scientists determine the sequence of chemical base pairs which make up human DNA. The human genome consists of 50,000 to 100,000 genes located on 23 pairs of chromosomes. One chromosome in each pair is inherited from the mother, and the other from the fath er. Each

The Human Genome Project Essay 1349 Words

1349 words - 5 pages The Human Genome Project The Human Genome Project is a long-term project by international scientist to develop detailed genetic and physical maps of the human genome. Researchers are engaged in locating and identifying all of its genes and establishing the sequence of the genes and all other components of the genome. This monstrous task has the potential to dramatically increase our understanding of human evolution and variation, and

Human Genome Project Essay 1070 Words

1070 words - 4 pages The Human Genome Project is a worldwide research effort with the goal of analyzing the structure of human DNA and determining the location of the estimated 100,000 human genes. The DNA of a set of model organisms will be studied to provide the information necessary for understanding the functioning of the human genome. The information gathered by the human genome project is expected to be the source book for biomedical science in the