Human Immunodeficiency Virus Research Essay

581 words - 2 pages

HIV also known as Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a disease, which is obviously caused by a virus. HIV invades your T-cells and uses them to make more replicas of itself. This specific disease can only affect people. HIV/AIDS invades the immune system by damaging vital cells that battle off disease and infection. A damaged immune system cannot protect you. AIDS, also known as Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, which is the final and fatal stage of HIV. “Scientists say that HIV came from a specific kind of chimpanzee in Western Africa. It is a possibility that humans encountered HIV when they hunted and ate the diseased animals. Recently studied, HIV may have jumped from monkeys to humans as far as the late 1800s.” (http://aids.gov/hiv-aids-basics/hiv-aids-101/what-is-hiv-aids/)
HIV has a variety of symptoms. After a month or two of HIV entering the body, 40% to 90% of people experience flu like symptoms known as acute retroviral symptoms (ARS). Signs you may be HIV positive; skin rash, dry cough, fever, sore throat, nausea/vomiting, yeast infections, tingling and weakness, fatigue, headache, achy muscles, weight loss, joint pain, diarrhea, nail changes, pneumonia, night sweats, cold sores or genital herpes.
HIV/AIDS can be diagnosed through standard testing, rapid antibody testing, and antibody/antigen tests. Standard tests check for HIV antibodies. Our body makes antibodies in response to the HIV/AIDS infection. These tests cannot detect HIV/AIDS in the blood soon after infection. Rapid antibody tests are blood tests for HIV/AIDS antibodies. Some can detect antibodies in saliva. Results are usually available in 30 minutes or less. Antibody/Antigen tests can detect HIV/AIDS up to 20 days earlier than standard tests. There is no cure for...

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