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Human Nature In Lord Of The Flies By William Golding

3222 words - 13 pages

Lord of the Flies is an extraordinarily well-written novel that teaches one how to live life. When asked about the philosophy of the book, the author, William Golding, replied, "The theme is an attempt to trace the defects of society back to the defects of human nature. The moral is that the shape of a society must depend on the ethical nature of the individual and not on any political system however apparently logical or respectful." This completely exemplifies the theme of the novel. Lord of the Flies truly shows that it is not the government that determines survival, it is the sheer human nature in all of us that proves whether a society can function. A person's personality will always trump another person's because of difference in strength and passion. All of the main characters' personalities determined the outcome in the novel, due to their evils and to some extent their goodness. Lord of the Flies is a magnificently written novel that truly proves the notion that a society relies on ethics and human nature rather than as one united, equal body.
First of all, it is strongly agreed upon in that the theme is an attempt to trace the defects of society back to the defects of human nature. This is the complete and utter truth in the novel. There are most certainly defects in the boys? society, which is showcased in the fact that they kill (however much of an accident), and turn into complete savages. The defects in their society, however, cannot be placed on the society as a whole. Specific characters made the society fall apart. It was not due to the structure of the society, rather, it has to do with the characters and their roots. In plainer terms, it has to do with the people that the boys were before they came to the island, and their beliefs and personality. Each main character had a contribution to the book, whether good or bad, and because of the clashing of personalities, the society was completely shattered.
Jack was one whose personality caused the civilization to come tumbling down. When we first discover the boys on the island and get a mere glimpse of their personalities, it is quite apparent that Jack is going to be one who is power-hungry. He already has a group of followers, the choirboys, of whom he has the utmost power over. He has a very controlling personality that cannot be subsided by the obstacles that are shown in the novel. Jack suffers from wanting to be the best. When he is not chosen as the chief and supreme ruler in the very beginning, it is proven that he will find a way to claw up to the top and take the spot that in his opinion is his right. Jack has quite a reckless personality, and will risk all to be standing alone at the top as king or leader. Jack is also guilty of envy, which goes hand in hand with power. He is envious of everything that Ralph has. Ralph is the chief, and has much common sense. Jack senses this and is jealous of the fact that Ralph can command attention and a...

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