At first glance and ponder, Stevenson's depiction of Mr. Hyde and Cesare Lombroso's characterization of a "born criminal" seemingly parallel one another. However, beyond the superficial, lies a more complex Mr. Hyde than Lombroso's classification can seem to explain. Through development of personality and unusual circumstances we see that Hyde, while being "deformed", does not posses the physical attributes that both Lombroso and Stephen Arata suggest pertain to a "born criminal"; and thus lead us to believe it is not physical classification that can determine our predisposition to criminality but our human nature that does.
Upon reading Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, one quickly becomes aware that Hyde is quite a monster and displeasing to look at, "For the man trampled calmly over the child's body and left her screaming on the ground..It wasn't like a man; it was like some damned Juggernaut."(3) Although Hyde is ghastly in appearance and difficult to look at, Mr. Enfield fails to describe Hyde's imperfections with detail stating that , "He must be deformed somewhere; he gives a strong feeling of deformity, although I couldn't specify the point."(5) Mr. Enfield cannot explain what he considers to be Hyde's deformation, but simply states that he is deformed in someway.
Unlike Lombroso's classification of a criminal, "sloping forehead, ears of unusual size, asymmetry of the face, prognathism, excessive length of arms, asymmetry of the cranium and other `physical stigmata'", Mr. Utterson, a friend of Dr. Jekyll, fails to tell of any deformity, "Mr. Hyde was pale and dwarfish; he gave an impression of deformity without any namable malformation"(10) The fact that no physical attribute of Hyde's can be considered a deformity by Lombroso's standards therefore discounts his classification as a reputable system of identification.
Although we cannot agree with Lombroso for Hyde has no physical deformity besides being pale and dwarfish, we can see that it is Hyde's behavior that classifies him as a criminal. Lombroso believed that criminals had "less sensibility to...