Human Nature Essay

1534 words - 6 pages

Each person is different from the other. I think that the idea that man is both hypocritical and contradictory is a true concept. In general, all people no matter what their make up is have contrasting characteristics. These adverse attributes exist in everybody. No person is immune to the positive and negative traits that life presents, whether those traits are physical or psychological. With that said, I believe that no one person is immune from the either trait especially when it involves behavior.
In my view, the fight between nature and nurture plays a major in an individual’s life and can alter a person’s life direction depending on the influence of outside sources such as family and society. I truly believe that my view, best fits a behavioral perspective of human nature. The comparison is that with a behavioral perspective such as social learning theory it is thought that all individuals are affected by the environmental stimuli to which they are exposed to. Within behavioral theory there are developmental patterns that reflect a particular set of environmental stimuli, and the development is the result of continuing exposure to specific factors in the environment.
What key factors account for changes in behavior?
I believe that when discussing any factors that account for change in behavior we must first find a theory that we are attracted to as well fully feel confident with. With that said in my opinion Robert Akers social learning theory explains what I would implement when making my own personal theory of counseling. Akers social learning theory asserts that an individual's behavior and definitions or differential association is also reflected in the social learning process. The factors for change in behavior, is based on the stability in an individual’s past and current circumstances that have affected the individual’s mental and social behavior.
Therefore basis for my personal theory is that it is not something that develops following an exact recipe of circumstances. Conforming and out of the ordinary behavior is learned by in the process of development. My theory similarly to other behavioral theories suggests that differential reinforcement (learning through rewards and punishment) and imitation (learning through observation) produce both overt behavior and cognitive definitions that function as stimuli for behavior. The main theme of the theory can be stated as; the instigation and strengthening of non-conforming over conforming acts defines how the individual’s behaviors are developed.
Describe the nature of the therapist-client relationship and its relative importance.
Corey (2009) states that individual therapists such as Carl Rogers believes that the nature of the therapist-client relationship is based on the having the client’s become conscious to precisely what they are expressing, as well as how they conduct themselves with their behaviors in order for them to develop a relationship between the client and...

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