Human Nature And The Declaration Of Independence

1510 words - 6 pages

I would like to show that the view of human nature that is shown in The Declaration ofIndependence is taken more from the Bible and that that view is in disagreement with two of thethree esays given in class. The Biblical perspective of man is that he was created by a divineCreator with a specific plan in mind and made in the image of his Creator. Men are entitled to thepursuit of happiness but also required by the Laws of Nature and Nature's God to be the justattendants of the land and of the governed. The Nature of man is sinful so that they must begoverned but those who govern must be accountable to God just as the founding fathers were.God is Sovereign over men as the final Judge.The Declaration of Independence is a document co-written by the founding fathers inorder to declare their independence of the Crown of Britain. They belived this to be within theirrights indowed upon them by their Creator. Believing that they were under religious persecutionand certain forms of 'absolute tyranny' from Britian the founding fathers felt it was necessary tobreak the bonds that connected them to the monarchy. Not only did they feel they had the Godgiven right to do that but they also based their arguments on the workings of governments of thetime and contemporary theories of government of writers and political-social thinkers of theirtime.The three essays that were given to us in class, Politics by Aristotle, Of Commonwealthby Thomas Hobbes, and Of the Limits of Government by John Locke are all very interstingessays on how government is supposed to funtion. Although the founding fathers probably read allthree of these essays and simialar philosphical thought went into the writing of The Declaration ofIndependence I think that the only essay of the really used by the founding fathers was Of theLimits of Government by John Locke. Unfortunately the version of this essay given to us in classwas truncated and consisted actually of two different essays written by John Locke. . ThomasHobbes [1588-1679] is the founder of the theories of Hobbism which calls on absolute monarchyin order to deal with what he calls inherently selfish, aggrandizing nature of humanity.Aristotle[384-322 B.C.] was a Greek philosopher who studied under Plato. Aristotlelianlogic (Aristotle's deductive means of reasoning) especially sylogism_ dealt with relationshipbetween proposistions in terms of their form instead of their content. By using this kind ofdeductive reasoning with a major premise, a minor premise, and a conclusion; for example, Allhuman beings are mortal, the major premis, I am a human being, the minor premise, therefore, Iam mortal, the conclusion Aristotle found all of his truth. I can't connect Aristotle's view of humannature with that of the Founding Fathers and since an omnipotent deity was not feasible forAristotle (since he couldn't see it and therefor couldn't belive in it) he comes to a differentconclusion that doesn't agree what the founding fathers said....

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