Human Origins Essay

2113 words - 8 pages

The archeology is the scientific study of past human culture and behavior, from the origins of humans to the present. The archaeology studies past human behavior through the examination of material remains of previous human societies. These remains include the fossils of humans, food remains, the ruins of buildings, and human artifacts items such as tools, pottery, and jewelry.
The Origin of Species presents us with a theory of natural selection. This theory is his attempt at an explanation on how the world and its species came to be the way that we know them now. Through the effects of man and the effects of nature, species have had a trial and error experiment ongoing. It is through these trials that the natural world has developed beneficial anomalies that at times seem too great to be the work of chance. When an animal gains a genetic edge over its competitors, be they of the same species or of another genus altogether, the animal has increased its chance of either procreation or adaptation. When this animal has this beneficial variance, the advantage becomes his and because of this, the trait is then passed on to the animal’s offspring. The theory of natural selection is not limited to inheritable and beneficial variations of a species. It also relies a great deal on the population growth and death of a species. For a species to continue to exist it must make sure of a few things. It must first produce more offspring than survive. If this is not done then the species is obviously going to die off. It is also important for the species to propagate at such a rate as to allow for variance.
It can be said that a firm grounding in Evolutionary Theory is necessary to any attempt at the study of Human Evolution. While Feder and Park do address Evolutionary Theory in their text (Human Antiquity 2007), their treatment is inadequate. It is grossly oversimplified, and in that simplification many important details, necessary for understanding, are glossed over or entirely left out. They also neglect to explicitly define the species concept they choose to use. They make several false statements and are often misleading in their attempts to explain organism phylogenetic relationships and evolutionary processes.
A well defined species concept is a very necessary beginning to any discussion of evolution. Because our classifications of organisms are essentially arbitrary, it is vital to define the rules by which inclusion and exclusion in a category are decided upon. It appears that Feder and Park are using a strict biological species concept. They state, “…animal species, by definition, can only reproduce within that species…” They mention plant hybridization, but neglect to mention or explain the occurrence of animal hybridization and what that means according to the biological species concept. According to the current definition of biological species, in order for two populations to be considered different species they must be reproductively...

Find Another Essay On Human Origins

Braindance: New Discoveries about Human Origins and Brain Evolution (Revised and Updated) by Dean Falk

2073 words - 8 pages ):130-39. Print.Falk, Dean. Braindance: New Discoveries about Human Origins and Brain Evolution.Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2004.Goodall, Jane. "Bridging the Gap." Through a Window. Pgs. 206-216; 1990.Leakey, Meave, and Alan Walker. "Early Hominid Fossils from Africa." Scientific American:74-79. Print.Zihlman, Adrienne L. The Human Evolution Coloring Book. New York: Harper Collins, 2000. PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 8

Thoughts On Human Origins. Assignment: Describe Your Personal Views On How Modern Humans Came Into Existence. Provide Justification For Your Beliefs

1222 words - 5 pages Thoughts on Human OriginsWhen considering the origins of human life on this planet, I must rely on the observations of others to draw my conclusions. I was not there when the world began, when humans appeared, or when religious texts were written. Furthermore, I have not conducted my own scientific research on the subject, nor have I studied in great detail the research that has been done. Yet, I have come to believe in what I know as "evolution

Origins and misuse of the human genome project for a for profit basis only

521 words - 2 pages The Human Genome ProjectThe opinion that I had from the start of this assignment has not changed at all. I still feel that it is a disservice to let some people profit, disproportionately, from a research project that was instituted to help find the answers to the DNA mystery.The Human Genome Project was conceived to help us find out how to diagnose, and discover a cure to any and all of the diseases that plague mankind. The premise being that

Article review 6

649 words - 3 pages 1. “Race and Nature: Culture, Biology, and Genetics”, Hartigan 2. Effect of the cultural dynamics in the shaping of the race. 3. Our race or human nature is not something we naturally inherit on the genetic level, but actually something we learn to do through our experience in particular culture. For example the way we organize work, eat, reproduce entertain ourselves is completely different for every race or culture. There is no ”natural” way

Comparing two different ways to study Religion

608 words - 2 pages come to grasp religion through human need or human awareness. Both theories came from academic backgrounds, mostly from a bias point of view. The Subjective Approach was derived from philosophers during the late 19th Centuries and through psychological research it became a theories. This theory views religion as the turning point for humans with psychological needs and also addresses the sources behind human origins. Understanding that religion was

Finding Atlantis: Haplogroup X

810 words - 4 pages DNA throughout the body. Because of this scientists are able to use gene mapping to provide a clear path that can trace the origins of the Haplogroup back all the way to the beginning. Like I stated before only 3 percent of the Indian civilization in North America has this gene. It is a mutation from the four main mtDNA strands “A-D.” which is how scientists trace it all the way back to the beginning of the human gene type. This idea of mtDNA

Creationism vs. Evolution

1201 words - 5 pages the origins of human intellect as his proponents, Gould argues his opinion in the favor of evolutionary thought. In this essay titled 'Natural Selection and The Human Brain: Darwin vs. Wallace,' Gould tells about the contest between Darwin and another prominent scientist named Alfred Wallace over two important subjects. These topics, one being sexual selection and the other about the origins of the human brain and intellect were debated by

Genre conventions in the treatment of Origins in Great Expectations and Frankenstein

1644 words - 7 pages characters' struggles and their faults. These are not represented as perfect 'types'. We see Walton's similarity to Frankenstein and his over eagerness to discover, we learn of Pips mistakes, his pretension and misreading of situations. These are deliberately crafted to be more than 'good or evil' and therefore give an impression of reality. In this respect just as the reader has developed through their origins and experience, so has Pip, Magwitch

Genre conventions in the treatment of Origins in Great Expectations and Frankenstein

1703 words - 7 pages characters' struggles and their faults. These are not represented as perfect 'types'. We see Walton's similarity to Frankenstein and his over eagerness to discover, we learn of Pips mistakes, his pretension and misreading of situations. These are deliberately crafted to be more than 'good or evil' and therefore give an impression of reality. In this respect just as the reader has developed through their origins and experience, so has Pip, Magwitch

Feuerbach and Atheism

1269 words - 5 pages -understanding in relation to God or the gods. Divinity names the alienation of the human from the world, myth is the reduction of such an "absolutism of reality" (Blumenberg). The human being encounters this alienation in desires which come as if from elsewhere. The concern with its own origins, a concern complicated by an awareness of earthly origins, and a denial of its autochthonous nature in favour of its sky-like destiny, is expressed in

anth

602 words - 3 pages origins of modern species and human variations. As of today, physical anthropology has many significant areas of interest, some of these high important areas include: paleoanthropology, human variations, nutrition, osteology, paleopathology, anatomy and primatology. Authors mentioned that research on physical anthropology will explain how we came to be the way we are and how human beings are related to all other life on earth. According to the

Similar Essays

Human Origins Essay

1417 words - 6 pages Since the discoveries of Charles Darwin and other nineteenth century explorers, humans have created an analogy of the evolution of our own species. This view of our evolution is often represented by an all-too-familiar branching tree. Recent studies, however, suggest that this interpretation should be replaced with a map of human derivation in the form of an interwoven “tapestry.” These lineages would come together in kinships over time

Modern Human Origins: The Multiregional Theory

1566 words - 7 pages the multiregional theory in his article, “Has the Combination of Genetic and Fossil Evidence Solved the Riddle of Modern Human Origins?” He argues that because there was small population of Homo erectus at the time modern humans were beginning to evolve, there wasn’t enough gene flow to support uniform evolution outside of Africa. He writes, “The effective population size of modern humans is about 10,000 breeding individuals, [Templeton’s study

The Origins Of The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights

1766 words - 7 pages According to Xiaorong Li, there is no debate as to the Western origins of The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) (2001 81; 86). However, while this may be true, as is demonstrated by the similarities between the UDHR and the French Declarations, such intellectual origins should not lead us to mistake the UDHR as a product of Western cultural imperialism (Stephen Marks 1998, 511). This is important to note, for with regards to the

The Out Of Africa Model Of Human Origins

657 words - 3 pages One of the most hotly debated issues in Anthropology focuses on the origins of modern humans. There are two theories about the origin of modern human, one being that modern humans originated in Africa and the second being that pre-modern humans migrated from Africa to become modern humans in other parts of the world. While both theories originate in Africa, most evidence points to the first theory, the Out of Africa Model. The amount of fossils