Human Resource Management and Migrant Labour
Table of Contents:
2. Literature Review
3. Critical Analysis and Discussion
Migration in every country leads to a change in the labour market. Countries like UK grant immigration rights to the large numbers of immigrants every year and openly allow immigrations from citizens of their former colonies. The attitudes of a country towards immigration vary greatly on the particular employment patterns and needs at that given time, and these attitudes may change over time. This paper will assess the changes in the labour market of the UK due to the immigrations and its impact on the human resource management in an international setting.
A flow of new migrants in any country may have a huge impact on the labour market, however the positive or negative aspect of the impact greatly depends on the jobs being created due to the spending of the immigrants to boost businesses and their production, the drop-off in the activity of the existing population such as the retirement or number of dependent population, and the capabilities of immigrants to fill the existing gaps of skills. Such factors are considered when it is decided whether migration has actually affected the labour market of a particular country negatively or positively. Moreover, in the UK, analysts suggest that the immigrations have led to a huge impact on the labour market which is mostly regarded as a positive one (Adesina, 2008, p. 72).
According to the statistics and trends which have been observed in the labour market since the 1940s when the mass migration took place, it can be concluded that there have been several positive impacts of migration when it comes to the diversity and the increase in skill levels. But at a critical level of analysis, it can be said that there have been many distributional impacts which means that competition levels in the market rose and businesses experienced more rivalry. As the years have passed since the 1940s, the pressure of migration has increased and the impact of immigration on the UK local communities have also been obvious especially at a time of rapid change that Britain is going through continually from time to time. This is why countries need to maintain the laws and policies for migration and control the negative effects (Ham, 2010, p. 152).
Migration has taken place in a number of countries which had opportunities in the labour market. However, due to this migration, the prominent labour markets such as that of the UK have been overcrowded which has resulted in the reduction of wages. The impact of immigration on the labour market is rather a challenging task which is dependent on a number of factors. Some of the important factors are the characteristics of the migrants including skill level, family composition, age distribution, health status, temporary or...