Human Resource Management: Workplace Diversity Essay

2079 words - 8 pages

Introduction
Companies in the 21st century are facing fierce competition, economic and global challengers. In the midst of challengers organisations should have distinctive competences to resist it. Survival depends on the maintenance of market share by having a good image, cost leadership, sound technical or service superioty, committed employees and speed of market. Organisations success depends on how well the use of resource are utilised in achieving the core competences. Human assets are becoming the most important resource because of the rapid growth in the service sector. Human resources hold valuable knowledge and information, which sets them a part as the source in creating intellectual capital that sets a firm a part from its competitors (Kamoche, 2001) The most important resource for successful organisation is its human resources therefore firms cannot treat human assets as commodities. To create value, management should try to find ways to utilise employees efficiently. The importance of human resource management to align with the business strategy is fundamental to the firm’s achievement of competitive advantage. As Bratton and Gold (1999: 08) describes human assets have the characteristic of creating value to the firm, be unique, difficult to imitate and substituted. In the past decade diversity has been the forerunner in the argument of human resource management. Workplace diversity is about acknowledging differences adopting to work practices to create an inclusive environment in which our diverse skills, perspectives and backgrounds are valued (Nicholas, 2000:14). This article will examine the benefits and the issues the firms would have in capturing diversity. The article will also concentrate on the central issue of the importance of integrating the human resource strategy with business strategy. Finally the article would conclude the problems faced by the HR managers in implementing practices and policies.

Diversity has been a competitive tool for most organisation because of the development of technology that results in the relocation of resources and people, increasing globalisation, aging of workforce, continued ethnic diversification (Hudson, 2002). Diversity is commonly referred in relation to ethnicity gender and culture but its scope is widened as far as age, disability, language, religouis beliefs, life stages and education. Diversity is beneficial to companies as job satisfaction reducers cost on turnover and absenteeism (Hudson, 2002). With the increase in job satisfaction higher levels of production also can be achieved. This is similar to the Soft Approach of human resource management. The soft approach takes the view the benefits will accrue in the long run. Organisations persistence for good work practise will earn the reputation tag as a good place of work. All these are consequences in the long term reiterated by the theorist of the soft approach. Beer et al (1984) and Guest (1987) stated by applying...

Find Another Essay On Human Resource Management: Workplace Diversity

Human Resource Management Essay

1890 words - 8 pages During the period between 1960 and 1980, the role of people in the workplace was understood as personnel management or administration. Little thought during this time was given to recruitment and limited investment was made into its development. Labour was viewed as plentiful and dispensable and most firm's policy regarding labour was one of 'hire and fire' as the need arises, and 'train' only if absolutely necessary. (Reader 2005)During the...

Human Resource Management Essay

830 words - 3 pages History has recorded many of atrocities caused by humans against humans. Humans have a history of abuse, discrimination, intolerance, injustice, oppression and slavery as well as genocide against each other. The issue of human rights has always been important within the business world. Many businesses find That Human Rights are a vital part of corporate life. Most Businesses recognize the moral imperative to work consistent with human rights...

Strategic Human Resource Management

2154 words - 9 pages IntroductionStone (1995, p. 4) stressed that the focus of human resource management (HRM) is to manage people within the employer-employee relationship, and that it involves the productive utilization of people. It can also be further describe as having a 'hard' and a 'soft' version. However, such a broad definition is unable to distinguish HRM from its 'predecessor' - Personnel Management, and the elasticity in the use of the term HRM makes the...

International Human Resource Management

2479 words - 10 pages To what extent should an organisation export its domestic HRM policies and practices to its international operations? Your answer should consider SIHRM in multi-domestic, multinational and global organisations in the context of cultural, political and economic influences"To what extent should an organisation export its domestic HRM policies and practices to its international operations?"The development of global strategies has been a topic of...

Human Resource Management

1321 words - 5 pages 1.0 INTRODUCTIONHuman Resource Management (HRM) is the function within an organization that focuses on recruitment of, management of, and providing direction for the people who work in the organization. Human resource management can also perform line manager. A company's human resources department is responsible for creating, implementing and/or overseeing policies governing employee behavior and the behavior of the company toward its...

Human Resource Management - 2477 words

2477 words - 10 pages IntroductionToday's business environment is characterized by rapid and continual change. The business environment change will cause company trouble. The organization will meet several environmental challenges such as technological challenges, economic challenges, and globalization and so on. Human resource management (HRM) is on managing people within the employer- employee relationship. HRM involves four main functions; there are acquisition,...

Strategic Human Resource Management

2035 words - 8 pages Strategic Human Resource Management However you define the activities of management, and whatever the organisational processes are, an essential part of the process of management is that proper attention be given to the Human Resource function. The human element provides a major part in the overall success of the organisation. Therefore there must be an effective human resource function. In the past, most organisations viewed Human Resource...

Strategic Human Resource Management

2057 words - 8 pages However you define the activities of management, and whatever the organisational processes are, an essential part of the process of management is that proper attention be given to the Human Resource function. The human element provides a major part in the overall success of the organisation. Therefore there must be an effective human resource function. In the past, most organisations viewed Human Resource Management (HRM) as an element function,...

Strategic Human Resource Management

1324 words - 5 pages This paper presents an assessment of the role of strategic human resource management (SHRM) and its links with the strategic business objectives of Leeds City Council. Task 1 AC1.2 HRM evolution • The first wave arose with Storey’s New Perspectives on HRM (1989) • The second wave arose in consideration of: • Social and economic context of HR functions • HR and organisational performance • New organisational forms and HR • HR and knowledge...

Strategic Human Resource Management

1362 words - 5 pages Section One Strategic human resource management (SHRM) is a tactical method for the management of an organisation’s human resource function in line with organisational goals and objectives. SHRM enhances these functions by linking the traditional human resource practices to business strategy and the realization of organisational goals in order to enable the organisation to achieve a competitive advantage. Importance of SHRM in Organisations...

Strategic Human Resource Management

1450 words - 6 pages Introduction An organization consists of several departments but working together towards the achievement of set objectives. One of the most important departments of an organization is the human resource department. It is mainly charged with the duty of, recruitment, promotions, placement and rewards in an organization. For an organization to maintain operations and increase profit, it has to strategically manage its affairs. This enables an...

Similar Essays

Human Resource Management Workplace Diversity Essay

2257 words - 9 pages Introduction This literature review will examine areas of HRM’s part in dealing with a diverse labour force in associations to attain continuous economical benefit and government legislation that encourage, motivate and mandate diversity management in South Africa. This will be done by analysing articles and works in relation to the company Sasol and its subsidiaries in the country. Diversity was indicated to be the outline of variances that...

Human Resource Management Essay 4076 Words

4076 words - 16 pages Diversity is a context dependent concept. No one can be defined as different in isolation. It is only against the background of a variety of contextual factors that it is possible to evaluate the extent to which they appear similar to or different from the people in their environment. A lone female among a group of males, for example, is more likely to be defined according to her gender than would otherwise be the case. Much research has shown...

Human Resource Management Essay 3070 Words

3070 words - 12 pages Human Resource ManagementIn its broadest sense, human resource management is a widely used term coined to encapsulate management policies and practices concerned with the supply and utilization of the labor resource required for the firm to meet its commercial objectives. To do so, the employer has to be able to compete within the labor market and meet basic requirements of social legitimacy relevant to the society in which the firm is located....

Human Resource Management Essay 3054 Words

3054 words - 12 pages Human Resource ManagementIn its broadest sense, human resource management is a widely used term coined to encapsulate management policies and practices concerned with the supply and utilization of the labor resource required for the firm to meet its commercial objectives. To do so, the employer has to be able to compete within the labor market and meet basic requirements of social legitimacy relevant to the society in which the firm is located....