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Human Resources Management Practices Essay

2073 words - 9 pages

The fierce marketing competition drives company to seek new resources to improve their core competences and adapt to changing of the internal and external environment of organisation. A growing number of HR professors argued that strategic human resource management can be regarded as a source of sustained advantage for competition (Zupan and Ograjenšek, 2008). But there are lots of limitations exist in previous literatures, which do not answer questions like which strategic human resource management practice is best fit to enhance performance of organisation or is there any most effective SHRM model? Thus, in the article “the impact of bundles of SHRM practices on the performance of European firms”, authors mainly adopted the quantitative research method to study which bundles of HRM practices would influence the company performance obviously. In result and conclusion, the second hypothesis is denied through statistical analysis and hypothesis 1 is partially supported by authors’ research. Although authors use a wide range of data in thousands of organisations from different countries and draw a conclusion which based on appropriate data analysis method, there are still some weaknesses in the process of research. In this paper I will critically evaluate the research design, research approach and methods of original article.

In this article, authors take a deductive approach in the research. Research questions are raised clearly according to findings of previous studies then authors plan to exam which practices can promote performance most effectively and they come up with two hypothesis based on literature review. In the deduction process, researchers need to put forward some hypothesis after reviewing previous studies, and then investigate relations between variables and examined assumptions by data collection and analysis (Saunders, Lewis and Thornhill, 2012). For this article, authors summarise the different types of HRM practices and analyse limitations of former researches, after that they come up with two hypothesis to test which category of HRM practices has influence on firm performance as well as the relevance between HRM practices impacts and environment of company. Therefore, there are some merits for using deductive approach in this research. The first one is that it is a strictly logical process because it starts with existing research theory and gets the result via collecting and analysing data, so the study is organized in a highly structured procedure. Second, the research would be more scientific and objective by using deduction because the collected data comes from existed world and it use some quantifiable result to reflect relationships among variables (Anderson, 2013). For example, in the article authors gather 80 different types of HRM practices data from 3218 companies which are in the various countries and industries after building hypothesis and the relevance of enterprise performance and HR practices is demonstrated by...

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