In the last thirty years, there have been numerous articles who studied the violation of human rights. Moreover, there are thousands of papers on the consequences of those violations such as the authors and the victims of human rights violation, the war, the international intervention and how independent countries were born worldwide in the post-decolonized world. However, little has been done in presenting the causes that leads to the violation of the human rights, and apart from declarations, less than few actions have been taken in preventing human’s right violations to happen in the first place. Or how we could have new countries being born without violating anyone’s right, so that we can prevent the violation of human’s right in the future and settle disputes in non-conflict manners.
The end of the Second World War and the influence of the American hegemony in Europe shaped the borders of Europe. The decolonization process that was taking place around the world brought nationalism on its highest level of attention among societies, thus, we can say that the decolonization of third-world countries had an enormous effect for the European nations as well. With the rise of nationalism, ethnic and nation groups declared independence, formed governments, and created alliances with other governments by forming unions and federations with other sovereign states. However, the fall of the Soviet Union in the beginning of the 1990’s, and the American diplomatic influence in Europe during the mid-1990s, brought a new era in the Eastern Europe. The ethnic based nationalism got the attention of ethnic groups within those federations. Due to a higher level of education, minority groups acknowledged their rights and privileges, and therefore, the fight for achieving those rights from the main governments, highly increased within states and federations. Among them who are well-known for fighting for their human rights within the Easter Europe in the 1990s, are the people from the six constituent Republics and two Autonomous Provinces of ex-Yugoslavia, and the long-lasting conflict for independence of Palestine against the Israel state.
This paper explains the relation between minorities and states, the violation of human rights by the states and the aftermath of the government actions. Within the international human rights framework, we will talk about the right for self-determination and the violence used against ethnic groups to suppress that right. Furthermore, we will see how the stability of a state is directly connected with the issues of social, civil, economic, and political rights and the violation of any of those rights will trigger a reaction by International Community. The first section of the paper, elaborates more upon what are the human rights and the role of the institutions to implement those rights. The second part, I will be discussing the cause behind the violation of human rights and the “failure to act” of the particular...