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Human Rights: Civil Rights Vs Welfare Rights

894 words - 4 pages

Civil rights can be defined as the set of rights held by an individual
by virtue of his citizenship of the state including the rights to
legal and social and economic equality. These rights cannot be denied
to any person on the basis of race, gender, disability or color. The
covenant on civil and political rights echoed exactly what is
mentioned above. These rights guarantee the citizen political and
social freedom and equality. The covenant included the right to
freedom of thought and expression regardless of frontiers, through any
media one may wish to express his information to the others. They also
include the right to peaceful assembly and the freedom of association
with others and the right to form or join any trade unions for the
protection of one’s own interests (European Convention of Human
Rights, Article 11). Every citizen has the right to participate in the
government of his country, either directly or through freely chosen
representatives in accordance with the law. Other rights include the
right to life, right to privacy, right to leave one’s country etc.

The covenant stated that when people can enjoy their civil and
political rights, only then can the ideal of civil and political
freedom and freedom from fear and want be achieved as is in accordance
with the universal declaration of human rights. These rights guarantee
to protect citizens from the abuse of state power.

Civil and political rights were welfare rights are the additional rights that are given to citizens of
the state in addition to the ‘fundamental’ civil and political rights.
These include equality and nondiscrimination for women and minorities,
access to employment opportunities, fair pay, safe and healthy working
conditions, the right to form trade unions and bargain collectively,
social security, an adequate standard of living (covering adequate
food, clothing, and housing), health care, and education. This
category also includes duties of the state such as: to secure full
employment for all people of working age, to provide adequate
standards of living and education to all citizens, to rapidly develop
the country, to distribute the social product equitably, to eliminate
economic and social privilege and disparity, to ensure social security
and welfare, to develop the culture...

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