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Human Rights In China Essay

3303 words - 13 pages

18Abuse of the Chinese Human Rights Due to the One Child PolicyIB Extended Essay Topic: Human RightsBy; Andrea ProhaskaKaiser High SchoolWord Count: 2,825AbstractThis essay is about the effects of the One Child Policy in China. The main focus of the effects is the abusing of the human rights of the orphans in the Chinese orphanages. The One Child Policy is a one-child limitation. It applies to the minority of families in China: the majority. It restricts married urban couples to having only one child, while allowing exemptions for several cases, including rural couples, ethnic minorities, and parents without any siblings themselves. The policy was implemented in 1978 and only applied to children who were born in the year of 1978. The Chinese government implanted the policy to relieve social, economic, and environmental problems in China. The authorities claim that the policy has prevented between 250 and 300 million births since it was implemented in 1978 until 2000, and 400 million births from 1979 to the present. The policy is a very controversial topic both within and outside of China because of the concerns about the negative social consequences. Since the implementation of the policy there has been an increase in forced abortions, female infanticide, and under-reporting of female births. Thus, a suggestion as to why China has a gender imbalance. Due to the negative consequences of China's One Child Policy, I came up with the following question; how has China's One Child Policy impacted the human rights of the children in the Chinese orphanages? Through my research, I have found out the practical and unethical reasons as to why China would resort to the One Child Policy. (Brown)Word Count: 255IntroductionIn China, millions of unwanted girls and disabled children are being abused and neglected in their only source of shelter, their orphanages. Many unwanted children in China are annually put to their deaths due to the government's One Child Policy. Because of China's growing population, there are over 40,000 orphanages throughout the country. Despite the fact that British journalists brought China's dark secret to light, China continues to ignore their responsibility to take control of the problem. Since China implicated the One Child Policy, the death rates of orphans in the Chinese orphanages have increased. Ever since the implication of the One Child Policy, there have been forced abortions, sterilizations, and infanticide. Thus, being led to the following question; how has China's One Child Policy impacted the human rights of the children in the Chinese orphanages?Personal Example of Proof of Orphanage AbuseIn 1994 when I was an orphan in the Wuhan orphanage, there were 300 baby girls to one handicapped baby boy with a missing foot. In 1995, my brother was adopted from an orphanage in Hunan. He was the one years old when he came home to the United States. He did not smile, cry, crawl, sit up or roll over. My mother thought that he was...

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