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Human Rights In European Union Essay

3208 words - 13 pages

General conceptsThe concept of "human rights" reflects the socio- cultural and political values ​​that relate to their issues . Many are those who have studied this issue , and have given different definitions, which reflected the socio- cultural and political values ​​of each of them.Richard Rorty believes that in today's world , human rights are the main means of " avoiding suffering and humiliation ." He believes that "in today's world, which is marked by pluralism and diversity, human rights should be seen as the most important means of preventing suffering and humiliation . These rights would provide minimum standards of dignity , tolerance and coexistence in a globalized world . " .Socio - legal doctrine consider both concept and contemporary system of fundamental human rights , are based on the American Declaration of Independence (1776 ) and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen ( French Revolution of 1789 ) .These documents constitute the starting point of the process of emancipation in modern times . Documents promotes equality and fraternity , founded on natural law - ideal - the belief that men are equal by birth and endowed with certain inalienable rights . Since the 19th century , most of the laws and constitutions in Europe and the USA have integrated human rights provisions .Because states as sovereign and independent entities , had the quality of subjects of international law , they were the only ones that had jurisdiction in promoting human rights.Tradition states that only have these attributes has been modified with the advent of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, in Articles 34 and 35 regulate the procedure of individual applications that enable individuals , who claim to be victims of rights violations recognized by the Convention or the Protocols thereto , to the European Court for Human Rights. The individual becomes the subject of international law , and in this area , is situated on an equal footing with the state in international relations . Since the entry into force of the Convention , States could not have used the principle of non-interference in internal affairs, in order to preferentially treat citizens .Individual position was strengthened by the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights .At European level , respect for human rights is one of the fundamental policy standards . European Council in Copenhagen in 1993, drew clear standards regarding human rights in the European Union . In economic relations with developing states , the EU used conditionality clause that relates to human rights by states who support them and the Union development assistance .Internationally , there are specialized bodies of the United Nations , and non-governmental organizations with global vocation (Human Rights Watch ) , who guard the observance of human drepturilot . They are monitoring reports , which require states to reassess...

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