Human Rights Infringements of the Taliban
In the Middle East, specifically Pakistan and Afghanistan, there is an Islamist extremist group that resorts to terrorist actions in order to achieve and maintain power. In 1994 this group, called the Taliban, started in Afghanistan as a political organization and later invaded Pakistan. They have enforced strict Islamic rule on all of the inhabitants of the two countries. The Taliban protected Osama bin Laden after the United States had accused him of organizing the terrorist attacks of 9/11. Even though the Taliban may believe they’re protecting their religion, they are infringing upon the human rights of the Pakistani and Afghani people. By forcing them to follow Islamic rule, the Taliban violates article 18 of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) that gives all people the right to choose their religion. They take extremist actions that infringes upon the people’s right to life, liberty and security of person, stated as a human right in article 3 of the UDHR.
The Taliban originally started because they believed they were doing something right. Their goal was to enforce Islamic law, called Shari’a. They went to extremes such as forcing men to grow beards and banning women from laughing out loud. Muslim religion is split into two sects: Sunni and Shia. The Taliban aims to make all Muslims Sunni. Unfortunately this means violently punishing anyone who identifies as a Shia Muslim. According to the Human Rights Watch World Report, “In 2012, at least 325 members of the Shia Muslim population were killed in targeted attacks that took place across Pakistan. ” The Taliban believe it is not only their right but their responsibility to protect and cleanse the Islam religion in the Islamic founded countries of Afghanistan and Pakistan.
The Taliban also believes that what they’re doing is right because they’re protecting the people of the country by keeping crime rates lower and punishing those who are, in their opinion, doing wrong. Although their ways of punishing ‘criminals’ may be viewed as inhumane, it is a service to the Pakistani and Afghani people. Abbas Zaidi argues that Muslim youths join the Taliban not because they’re underprivileged and have no other options but because they’re looking to reform and reconstruct the society they live in , which is the same reason the Taliban was started. In a war-torn Afghanistan in the early 1990s, a group of Islamist activists wanted to rebuild their country built on the same principles it was once founded. Now, people in Afghanistan and Pakistan support the Taliban because it provides jobs and keeps other crime to a minimum because criminals fear the power of the Taliban.
In article 18 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the UN states that everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, and goes on to include the freedom to change their religion and practice however they choose. The Taliban’s rule clearly...