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Human Rights Violations Of China's One Child Policy

4731 words - 19 pages

Abstract
The purpose of this research is to highlight to what extent government policy has violated the human rights of women in China. Government policy is important to the organization of countries. Government policies work to aid in political, economic, and social issues that can become detrimental to the function of a country. Flourishing government policies prove to be efficient and effective when implementation is deemed successful. The One Child Policy proved to be successful in reducing population size. As past policy rules have now been eased, family planning officials in the region have begun drafting less strict family planning protocols. Though it has proved to be a successful policy in curbing population growth, the One Child Policy targeted women of China. A review of government policy, and its affect on the female population shows a link in population policy and its discrimination towards women. Although China reduced the stipulations of its One Child Policy, the enforcement of this policy has impeded the natural human rights of women due to the imposition of restricted childbirth.

Introduction
Following a thirty five year policy which was geared towards improving economic and social concerns within the region, the Peoples Republic of China has begun to facilitate its family planning regulations. Prior to the establishment of China’s population policy, the population experienced massive increases and decreases of its magnitude. Consequences of civil and global wars before 1949 led to high death rates in the country. As country conflict came to an end, and new leadership, population growth was greatly encouraged by Communist Party Chairman Mao Zedong. During this time, the size of Chinas population grew substantially, nearly doubling in size. Social and economic failures of the Great Leap Forward then immobilized population growth as the campaign resulted in the Great Famine which caused death rates to rise once more. In the years following, population in the country began to increase yet again at rapid rates . This increase came to be the forecaster for the need of antinatalist policy.
In the last few years that China’s population experienced huge increases and decreases in population size, Chinese governments provided family planning assistance for women and children . Not until the population increased during the early 1960’s did government officials begin to view the threat such a massive population would have on the future of the country. In 1979 China began to implement a family planning policy in response to social and economic troubles that plagued the country due to the rapid population growth as death rates decreased and birth rates continued to soar. The primary objective of this policy was to decrease procreation in the region by encouraging individuals to prolong engagements, limiting reproduction, and the promotion of an idealistic one child family. Government officials enforced policy regulations by...

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