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Human Security And World Policies Essay

1247 words - 5 pages

It was not until World War II that great powers revisited security interests and the importance of global interconnectedness and cooperation. Yet, more explicitly the Cold War between Russia and the United States, and the continuous tension and military mitigation would bring these two great powers face to face in what could have been the last World War. Russia and the United States would finally understand the importance for the sake of humanity to have agreements and treatises that would prevent further nuclear weapons expansion. It was evident with the continuous debacles of genocides, holocausts, and human rights violations that great powers such as the United States would advocate world organizations such as the League of Nations, the United Nations, the Security Council and more with the purpose of a New World Order endorsing a shift from state predominant security to an interest in human security.
In this fragment from by the Friends Committee on National Legislation titled Shared Security Reimagining U.S. Foreign Policy a new core approach to the management of International Affairs relying on global cooperation is predisposed. The U.S. as the country leading International Affairs and with its concurrent role as policeman to the world is now seeking with this approach to draw nation states into mutual cooperation. Consequently, it is important to denote that America has achieved the three defining activities of a state and moving into this ideal of collective security does not come as a surprise in a nation that is legitimate, powerful, and driven to maintain world order. Meanwhile, pre-developing and developing nation states are still at the bottom tear of socio-economic development and the idea of collective security, which comes with the cost of a certain degree of sovereignty, is probably not in their best interest in the path to legitimacy. With the era of globalization it has become painfully difficult for self-autonomous rulers to remain in power, thus the Arab Spring, Venezuela, and now Ukraine. Nonetheless, it is important to first understand the views that originated the ideas of a collective and cooperative global community.
Immanuel Kant and Hugo Grotius believed in accommodating the system to meet the necessities of the state, but more importantly its citizens. Kant perceived human kind in a naturally optimistic manner and in his political theories believed that people would be bad if the system was flawed and that in order to coexist the international community must be willing to assimilate and aid each other as a whole. While Kant was willing to thrive for a system of rooted cooperation at the cost of some state sovereignty, Hugo Grotius had a different perception and approach to the system. Grotius believed in a rule-based system where nation states would strive for the betterment of both the state and its people. His perception of humankind was mixed between nurture and nature; humans could be either good or bad. To...

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